Wednesday, June 10, 2020

Patterns in Classical China - Free Essay Example

Compare and Contrast September 23, 2010, Compare and Contrast Patterns in Classical China. Three dynastic cycles—the Zhou, the Qin, and the Han—covered many centuries of classical China. The dynastic patterns begun in classical Chinese history lasted until the early part of the twentieth century. A family of kings called a â€Å"dynasty,† began ruling China with great vigor, developing solid political institutions, and encouraging active economies. Each dynasty over time grew weaker, tax revenues declined, and social divisions occurred as the population outstripped available resources. In addition, internal rebellions and sometimes invasions from the outside contributed to each dynasty’s decline. As the ruling dynasty began to falter, usually another one arose from the family of a successful general, invader, or peasant and the pattern started anew. The Zhou dynasty (1029-258 B. C. E. ) expanded the territorial boundaries of China by seizing the Yangtze River valley. The territory from the Yangtze to the Huang is often called the â€Å"Middle Kingdom,† blessed with rich cropland. They promoted Mandarin as the standard language. The Zhou did not establish a strong central government but ruled instead through alliances with regional princes and noble families. This led to vulnerabilities that plagued the Zhou: the regional princes solidified their power and disregarded the central government. When the Zhou began to fail, philosophers sought to explain the political confusion. One of these, Confucius, became one of the most important thinkers in Chinese history. His orderly social and political philosophy became an important doctrine of the Qin and Han dynasties. The next dynasty, the Qin, (221-202 B. C. E. ) was begun by the brutal but effective emperor Shi Huangdi. He consolidated his power, built the Great Wall, conducted a census, standardized weights and measures, and extended the borders of his realm to Hong Kong a nd northern Vietnam. Upon his death, massive revolts broke out and by 202 B. C. E. , the Han dynasty (202 B. C. E. -220 C. E. ) was established. The Han rulers lessened the brutality of the Qin but maintained its centralized rule. Early Han leaders, like Wu Ti, expanded Chinese territory and set up formal training, based on Confucian philosophy, or bureaucrats. During a long decline, the Han faced invasions and eventually fell to outside forces, especially the Huns. By the sixth century C. E. , the Han too collapsed, but not before they had established distinctive political and cultural values that lasted into the twentieth century. Political Institutions. Throughout the Qin and Han periods, the Chinese state bureaucracy expanded its powers significantly. By the end of the Han dynasty, China had roughly 130,000 bureaucrats all trained by the government to carry out the emperor’s policies. Tax collections and annual mandatory labor services ensured the central government he ld some power over almost every person in the Middle Kingdom, something no other large government accomplished until the twentieth century. Religion and Culture. Like many civilizations, China did not produce a unitary belief system. Confucianism and Daoism were two of the major systems that competed for the loyalties of various Chinese communities during the years of the classical period. Kung Fuzi (Confucius) lived from roughly 551 to 478 B. C. E. He was not a religious leader but rather saw himself as a defender of Chinese tradition and espoused a secular system of ethics. Personal virtue, he believed, would lead to solid political institutions. Both rulers and the ruled should act with respect, humility, and self-control. Classical China also produced a more religious philosophy called Daoism, which embraced harmony in nature. According to this movement, politics, learning, and the general conditions in this world were of little importance. Over time, individuals embraced asp ects of both philosophies and also Buddhism. Chinese art then was largely decorative, stressing detail and craftsmanship. Artistic styles often reflected the geometric qualities of the symbols of Chinese writing. The practical application of science superseded learning for learning’s sake. Chinese astronomers developed accurate calendars. Scholars studied the mathematics of music. This practical focus contrasted with the more abstract approach to science applied by the Greeks. Economy and Society. As in many societies, there were large gaps between China’s upper class (about 2 percent of the population) and the peasant farmers. Officially there were three main social groups in classical China. The landowning aristocracy and the bureaucrats formed the top group. Far below them were the laboring peasants and urban artisans. At the bottom of society were the â€Å"mean people,† those who performed unskilled labor. Trade became increasingly important, particul arly in the Han period. Technology is where the classical Chinese clearly excelled. Many developments of this era were centuries ahead of the rest of the world. Tight-knit family structures were similar to those in other civilizations, except that parents wielded much higher levels of authority over their children. Women were subordinate to men but had clearly defined roles in the family and in larger society. In Depth: Women in Patriarchal Societies. Agricultural societies were usually patriarchal and as they developed the status of women generally deteriorated. Marriages were arranged for women by their parents and husbands had authority over their wives and children. Later, law codes ensured basic protections but also featured limits to and inferiority of women. There were, of course, exceptions. The Egyptians had powerful queens and Jewish law traced descendence from mothers. Patriarchy responded to economic and legal conditions in agricultural civilizations and often deep ened over time. In many societies, women held power through religious functions and had authority over daughters-in-law and unmarried daughters. How Chinese Civilization Fits Together. China’s politics and culture were, to them, two sides of the same coin, especially after the Confucian bureaucracy developed, emphasizing order and stability. Classical Chinese technology, religion, philosophy, and political structure evolved with little outside contact. Political stability aided economic growth and the government took a direct role in agricultural and economic growth. Science focused on practical applications of technology that fostered economic development. Unsurprisingly, the Chinese saw their political and social lives as a whole. There was divergence, however, such as in the differing philosophies of Confucianism, Daoism, and eventually Buddhism. Despite these and other divisions, the synthesis of Chinese life accounts for the durability of Chinese values and for its ge neral invulnerability to outside influence. Classical India was just as vital a civilization but didn’t weave its institutions into society as fully and produced a more disparate outcome. Global Connections: Classical China and the World. Chinese civilization was the longest lasting in world history and one of the most creative and influential. They created the best-run bureaucracy and a whole range of technologies, and they were the source of the world’s largest trade network, the Silk Roads. Silk Road networks provided the framework for later global trading patterns.

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Different Theories And Models Of Care Used At The Atherton...

Rural and remote Australia refers to those areas outside of major cities and are made up of many diverse towns including pastoral, farming, mining, and Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities. The Atherton Tablelands, a highland region of northern Australia near Cairns, is classified as a rural and remote area. This essay will provide a profile on Atherton including the demographical, geographical, environmental, and cultural features as well as how these factors impact on the health of individuals within the community. It will all discuss the various theories and models of care used at the Atherton Hospital, the role of the registered nurse and the multidisciplinary team. The specific knowledge and clinical skills required for registered nurses will also be outlined, as well as examples of how these skills could be demonstrated. Atherton is a town located within the Tablelands Region in Far North Queensland, 90 kms south-west of Cairns. The Atherton Tablelands is known for its mild climate with temperatures ranging from 5 °C to 25 °C (Local Tourism Network, 2016). In 2014 the population in Atherton was approximately 10,886 with 5,117 males and 5,769 females, and an increasingly aging population trend (Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2016). According to the 2011 census 7.1% of the population were Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders and in 2009 there was an unemployment rate of 7.6% (Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2011). The area is well-known for its richShow MoreRelatedWho Gets Power and How They Hold on to It10070 Words   |  41 Pagespower is not a dirty secret, but the secret of success. And thats the path power follows, until it becomes institutionalized— which makes administration the most precarious of occupations. Who Qets Power-MdMow Zkey Mold OH to A Stmtegic-ContiHgemti Model of Power Gerald R. Salancik Jeffrey Pfeffer ^ is held by many people to be a dirty word or, as Warren Bennis has said, It is the word organizations last dirty secret. This article will argue that traditional polidcal power, far from being a

Five Forces Analysis on Cloud Computing-Free-Samples for Students

Question: Discuss about the Porters Five forces Analysis on Cloud computing industry with regard to Bottomline Technology Company. Answer: The above diagram represented the porters five forces for the analysis of cloud computing market with regard to Bottomline Technologies Cloud market condition various organizations presence in the cloud computing sector are resulting into less concentrated market. This lower level of concentration indicates a market sector that is highly competitive. Existence of mostly all the giants from the industry like Apple, IBM, Google are also the indication for the high presence of rivalry between competitors. Though the services offered by them varies on the basis of PaaS, Iaas and SaaS or the combination of any two of them, even under the same area of service, the competition is expected to be high due to the low differentiation of products. However, the products of Bottoline technologies assist the clients to remove the business complexities with regard to the payments and develop a payment system that is secure, simple and streamlined ( 2017). New entrants under the cloud computing market the chances of the new comers are high as the requirement for preliminary investment is low, market exit barrier is low and time required for marketing is low. Further, under the PaaS market, the existence of industry giants like Google, IBM and Apple creates the high barriers for entering that can be reduced through differentiation and innovation of product. On the other hand, under the SaaS market, threat of new entrants is low as requirement for initial investment and the existence of higher level of risk. Buyers the bargaining powers of the buyer are expected to be high under the SaaS market due to cost involved in switching market is low and availability of various choices. Under the PaaS market, bargaining capacity of the buyers rare expected to remain low due to high cost of switching (Lian, Yen and Wang 2014). However, the growth expectation and complicated business of Bottomline Technologies are exposing them to loosing of customers. Suppliers suppliers under the market of cloud computing are the providers for cloud services. Under the SaaS market, the suppliers bargaining power is low due to the low cost of switching of the buyers and the present of various players in the market (Hashem et al. 2015). However, under the PaaS market the suppliers bargaining power is high due to the lock-in-leads for the vendor. However, under SaaS, the brand loyalty is only way the in which the suppliers can achieve some of the bargaining powers. Technology development threat associated with the substitutes for all the services related to cloud computing technology are associated in growth phase itself. The open resource for the computing may be the only substitute for the cloud computing. However, the SMEs are expected to prefer the cloud computing due to the consulting services availability from the suppliers and the non-existent of the shifting cost (Erl, Puttini and Mahmood 2013). However, Bottomline Technologies has developed various services like ISO and SWIFT for carrying out the communication among corporations and banks which enabled to get the competitive advantages over the competitors. Reference (2017). Simple, smart secure business payments | Bottomline Technologies. [online] Available at: [Accessed 20 Aug. 2017]. Erl, T., Puttini, R. and Mahmood, Z., 2013.Cloud computing: concepts, technology architecture. Pearson Education. Hashem, I.A.T., Yaqoob, I., Anuar, N.B., Mokhtar, S., Gani, A. and Khan, S.U., 2015. The rise of big data on cloud computing: Review and open research issues.Information Systems,47, pp.98-115. Lian, J.W., Yen, D.C. and Wang, Y.T., 2014. An exploratory study to understand the critical factors affecting the decision to adopt cloud computing in Taiwan hospital.International Journal of Information Management,34(1), pp.28-36.

Tuesday, April 21, 2020

The Picture of Dorian Gray Book Review

'The Picture of Dorian Gray' Book Review Oscar Wildes  only novel The Picture of Dorian Gray (1891) is a classic instance of the aestheticism of the late 19th centurys  Ã¢â‚¬â€¹Ã¢â‚¬â€¹English literature. The maxim of aestheticism art for arts sake is reflected in the opening of the novel, which specifies arts aim to reveal the art and conceal the artist. For greater emphasis, Wilde defines the artist as free of ethical sympathies and morbidity. Even books are seen as only well written or badly written and not as moral or amoral. Following this prelude on art and beauty, Wilde weaves a  Ã¢â‚¬â€¹plot that explores the issue to its core. The plot of The Picture of Dorian Gray, if seen apart from the wit and epigrams of Lord Henry is serious and, at times, even somber. Dorian Gray is a young and handsome man whose well-off friend Lord Henry takes him to an art-loving painter, Basil Hallward. The painter makes a picture of Dorian Gray, a fascinating piece that makes Dorian wish to stop aging. His wish is fulfilled and the picture starts aging instead of young Dorian. The consequence is a disaster. Oscar Wilde has created an amusing tale that does not end very happily but ends beautifully with our easy-going Lord Henry still chirping. Style and Setting Anyone who has read dramatic fiction (Oscar Wilde in particular) will not find it hard to see the style of the storys narrative as closer to drama than a novel. Wilde is not obsessed with describing settings in detail as a novelist with a constructive bent would be. But the brevity of description is masterfully covered in the warm and witty conversations that fill most of the novel. The epigrams of Lord Henry shoot arrows of gentle satire on different elements of society. Women, America, faithfulness, stupidity, marriage, romance, humanity, and weather are just some of the numerous targets of Wildes criticism, which the readers receive from the sharp but sweet tongue of Lord Henry. The twittering lord is thus made an indelible  character for his ease of expression and his envied indifference. Yet, the author does not rely solely on spoken words to impart his impression. He describes some scenes in words that evoke a vivid image in the readers mind. Perhaps the best of these is Dorian Grays brief journey through the dark and filthy streets that stand in an obtrusive contrast to his luxurious entourage but which also bear a remarkable resemblance to the kind of life he has embraced. Characters in The Picture of Dorian Gray Like his stories and plays, Oscar Wilde does not employ many characters to run the story of his novel. Nearly the entire plot is nucleated around Dorian, Lord Henry, and the artist Basil. Minor characters like the Duchess of Harley serve the purpose of initiating or furthering topics that would ultimately be the butt of Lord Henrys repartees. The character description and motivation are again left mainly to the perceptual capacity of the readers. Wilde is always testing the aesthetics of his readers and the easier you go with his characters disposition, the greater insight you gain. Self-Love and the Vulnerability of Beauty The Picture of Dorian Gray addresses more than one theme. The primary appeal of the subject of beauty, as it appears to eyes, is the main focus of the novel. Wilde reveals the tenderness of self-love, or narcissism, which sometimes fails to find an object outside itself. Dorians beauty, unlike Basils art and Lord Henrys social status, is more vulnerable to decay with time. But it is not this weakness of beauty to age that brings the disaster upon our protagonist. It is the consciousness of the owner of beauty to his own wealth that triggers the boundless fear of perishingfear that causes his doom. Unlike Lord Henrys ease about his rank, Dorians angst about the ephemeral nature of his beauty is shown as the true enemy of a persons self. The philosophical boundaries of Oscar Wildes The Picture of Dorian Gray are too deep to track to their ends. The novel addresses the issue of self-concept as portrayed in art. Further, it connects a persons emotional response to his/her own image. While Dorian remains young and beautiful, the mere sight of an aging picture of him is unbearably painful. It would be too presumptuous to conclude that The Picture of Dorian Gray is a work of beauty with no moralistic purpose. Wilde was not a moralist (as many of us already know) and within the book, there is not much to emphasize a moral code or right conduct. But the novel, in its covert meaning, is not without a moral lesson. We can easily see that beauty is ephemeral and any attempt to deny this fact is amoral. It brings ruin as shows the case of Dorian Gray.

Monday, March 16, 2020

How to Write Perfect Research Paper †

How to Write Perfect Research Paper The Role of Research Paper in Academics and Life Many students wonder how to write a great research paper as far as this project often weighs 20% of the course grade or even more. Even if you’re not a student any longer, you might want to compose a perfect research paper as a part of your business presentation or scientific report. On the whole, the following skills are required to come up with A+ research paper: Reading Writing Research Gathering information Analytical skills Knowledge of particular subject check the levelThis way, teachers and professors around the world check the level of student’s knowledge. Once defining the weak sides of the students, teachers think of the new approach to education.   Students and professionals create research papers basically to impress the target audience, obtain wide recognition, and get promoted. Students write these projects to get the highest grades and pass the course as well. The Goals of Research Paper Before writing, one has to understand the main purposes of this assignment they are: To inflate weak ideas Obscure poor reasoning Inhibit clarity Thus, the research paper has to be clear, concise, and built in a logical manner. Moreover, it should cover an issue which is relevant for the current society. That is why you should find sources that are no elder than 5 years. To achieve the desired results, students have to practice a lot. That is why various essays are assigned before the research or term paper. Every small paper is given to get students prepared for a time-consuming, complex work. You must realize that any essay communicates your ideas. THE PRIMARY GOAL IS TO INFECT THE MIND OF YOUR TARGET AUDIENCE WITH YOUR SPECIFIC THOUGHTS, LIKE A VIRUS. The best ideas come up when a student combines his own judgments with those made by famous people today and ages ago. Online writing services were designed to help students and young professionals with their writing projects. Step-by-Step Writing In brief, the general scheme of writing a research paper looks this way: Idea ⇒ Do research  Ã¢â€¡â€™ Write project Do you wish to observe more steps? The entire process can be described in more details which can be found further in the text. Select a topic Brainstorm and write down all possible ideas that come to your mind. Unless your teacher assigns the topic for your academic assignment, you have to pick one based on your ideas. If you have no idea, listen to the points of other people. Search for the sources Your sources have to be relevant and up-to-date. Including outdated sources is possible only when the main idea has not changed for ages. For instance, various economic terms have not changed since Ancient Rome. Still, the numerical data for accounting or financial research paper has to be gathered from the recent sources. Teachers are usually interested in the latest statistics. Part of the information must be influenced by your own thoughts. The primary sources for a good research paper include: Textbooks Books Academic articles Scientific journals Newspapers Magazines Reports Documentaries Audio tapes You can get some online or attend traditional library and save money. Read each online or published source carefully before using ideas from it. Your research can be both qualitative and quantitative. Humanitarian disciplines won’t require a quantitative research to be applied. However, it is impossible to ignore the quantitative studies when preparing a paper for Accounting, Statistics, or Finances classes. By the way, Statistics class will teach you everything you have to know about the research process. Mind your resources Usually, you need nothing more than your computer or laptop, opened Word, and internet access. However, there are times when you might need to create a presentation to support your academic project. You might want to use PowerPoint or Acrobat as well as various pictures and other additional materials. Also, you might demand real-life examples to show in class during your presentation. Prepare introduction Start working on your first draft. The most important thing you have to do in the first paragraph of your research paper is to state a thesis. Thesis statement reflects your main topic’s idea. Also, your introduction must explain the reason for choosing this topic out of many. Make an outline Once you are done with your thesis and introduction, develop an outline to serve as the plan. An outline has to be located on the second separate page after your title page. In other words, it looks like a table of contents. Arrange your notes Your notes and footnotes have to be united in one whole piece. Delete information which repeats. Each of the points you mention in a research paper’s body needs support, so be careful when organizing the data. Make a final draft After you handle all your footnotes and notes, work on the final draft of your academic task. By following the rules of the chosen writing style APA, Turabian, etc.), you must keep an eye on the organization of your ideas. They all should relate to your thesis and be logically interconnected. You may insert a question from time to time to encourage your reader. To support your thoughts, there should be some quotations added too. Cite them properly using one of the writing style guides. Do not forget to list all the referred sources at the end of your paper. To do so, develop a separate Bibliography or page. Obey this check-list Put a tick in front of each category you managed to cope with: Is my thesis statement concise and understandable? Did I keep to my outline as a plan? Are all arguments written in a logical manner? Are all used sources properly cited? Are there any plagiarized parts? Was my thesis statement supported by the powerful arguments and facts? Were my goals and points clear in the final paper? Revise edit the final draft Don’t hurry to get rid of your research paper. Before submitting any academic work, you have to check it twice or even more, times to make sure no grammar or spelling mistakes were missed. Check your punctuation as well. Various plagiarism tools will help to detect any copied parts of the text. There is always some time left to edit your text. But you should mind the deadline. If you are late with your paper, rely on writing and editing services where you can buy custom research paper without any delays.

Friday, February 28, 2020

Management Assignment Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words

Management - Assignment Example We have to sufficiently agile to adapt as the road winds and be foresightful about what might be ahead.† (Gratton, 1998 14). Therefore the role of HR functions in today’s organizations can not be limited to a few traditional aspects of management of people. The overall role of HR functions with respect to managing people is to ensure that the organization achieves all its short term and long term objectives. In order to do so the HR functions must take steps, guide and support the organization on all matters related to the workforce of the organization. One of the primary roles of HR functions is to act as a change agent. HR function is vital in delivering cultural change and organizational transformation. Therefore the role of HR in facilitating and managing change with respect to employees is crucial for an organization. The various other aspects of managing people that HR function will play a role is in training and development, performance evaluation and appraisals, developing healthy relation among the employees and, between the employees and management, designing and development of HR strategies, policies and practices (Armstrong, 2006). First line supervisors or managers play an important role in managing people with an organization. First line managers and supervisors are the gateway of communication between the management and the employees at the grass root level. It is the first line managers who have first hand experience of the day to conditions at the work place. There are in the best position to sense and discover changes or routines in the employee attitude. Also it is the first line managers with whom the employees communicate about any issues at the workplace (Tyson & York, 2000). The employees relate to the first line managers and their experiences with the first line manager primarily formulate their experience with the organization. Therefore, the cooperation and involvement of first line mangers in the designing HRM strategies, policies and practices is important. Also they are vital for the implementation of the HRM strategies and policies. The management of the employees on a day to day basis is carried out by the first line mangers and not the HR executives. Therefore, it is the responsibility of the first line mangers to ensure the effective implementation of the various HR strategies and polices (Gratton, 1999). The HR Director and the executives of the HR team are responsible for insuring that all the HR policies and practices are implemented within the organization. It is their responsibility to design the HR policies and practices as well as ensure that it is implemented. But it is not possible to implement these policies and practices themselves. They need to take the assistance of various managers and supervisors down the line to ensure that these policies and practices are understood by everyone in the organization and at the same time implemented effectively to achieve the organizational goals and objectives. The immediate responsibility of the performance of employees will be that of the line managers and supervisors. But the responsibility of the overall performance of the employees of an organization is that of the HR teams. One of the main purposes of HR teams is to ensure the full potential of the employees is extracted. It is the responsib