Monday, December 30, 2019

Sylvia Plath s Poetry And Her Sanity - 1075 Words

Sylvia Plath was an American Poet who was renowned for poetry mostly in the United States. She, however lived a difficult and depressing life which led to a few futile suicide attempts, but ultimately led to a successful suicide attempt leaving her children to live on without a mother. This end result was due to a multitude of issues in her life from Sylvia’s sanity. She wasn’t the most stable child. Her marriage also played a role in her suicide. Her successes weren’t acclaimed until after her death, when a majority of her work was released. There were two major aspects to her life: her poetry and her sanity. These three combined make up a majority of Sylvia’s life. Sylvia prided herself as an amazing poet while not receiving the acclaim she wanted. The Colossus was the only major collection of poems before her death. It didn’t receive too much praise until after her death. Most of her poems dealt with her personal life like those of Daddy and Arie l. She wrote most of these poems when she was depressed, so she coped with her depression the only way she knew: writing poems. She wrote about her father, where she claimed to hate her father due to him walking out on her when she was eight. He didn’t actually leave her on purpose, as he died of complications with his diabetes. However, it made for great writing as it was critically acclaimed for it being a magnificent poem. Ariel is also series of poems known for being known as her best work in terms of poetry. The Bell Jar isShow MoreRelatedThe Highs And Lows Of Manic Depressive Writing1507 Words   |  7 PagesSylvia Plath: The Highs and Lows of Manic Depressive Writing Sylvia Plath, a successful confessional style poet, struggled throughout her life with issues revolving around her father’s death, unsuccessful and unfulfilling relationships with men, and her mental illnesses. Throughout her struggles, Plath wrote, sometimes writing as much as 10 drafts a day. Despite welcoming into the world two children, whom she loved dearly, Plath still felt unfulfilled by her duties as a housewife. As she wroteRead MoreSylvia Plaths Personality, Perspective, And Poetry1810 Words   |  8 Pages1932, a dramatic metamorphosis was born into the poetry and literature world. This revolution was Sylvia Plath. Born to Otto Plath, a German immigrant who became a graduated college professor, and one of his students, Aurelia Schober, she would soon become one of the most influential writers of her era. However, early in her life, her father died of diabetes mellitus. This was a common form of diabetes that was easily treated in that time period, but her father had allowed ignorance to take him, leadingRead MoreSylvia Plath And Anne Sexton1782 Words   |  8 PagesConfessional poets in the 1950’s and 1960’s shaped confessional poetry into a type of writing that forever changed American literature. With controversial subjects at the time such as death, trauma, depression and how relationships impacted people, confessional poetry carved a gateway for private subjects and feelings to be expressed through autobiographical writing. The inspiration behind confessional poetry was the therapy it brought to the writer, being able to take personal experiences and thoughtsRead More The Bell Jar by Sylvia Plath1820 Words   |  7 Pagessemi-autobiographical novel written by Sylvia Plath portrays how a young woman with too many identities and unrealistic expectations overwhelms herself to the point that she contemplates and attempts suicide multiple times. Esther Greenwood, a young college student struggles to find her identity as she h ides behind her good grades and scholarships, denies rejection, tries to seek a man only for intimacy, and all while trying to become a famous poet. Unbeknownst to Esther, the absence of her true identity presentsRead MoreSylvia Plath Mad Girls Love Song Analysis1487 Words   |  6 PagesThe Eternal Dance of Dualities. Sylvia Plath wrote â€Å"Mad Girl’s Love Song† in the early fifties while she was an undergraduate college student. The poem is written in the villanelle poetic form of which it reflects not only the rigorous fixed format, nineteen-line with two repeating rhymes and two refrains but also the melancholic tone and rhythm of the traditional dance song—in vogue in Italy and France during the sixteenth century—in which its roots lie. The title itself offers a plausible explanationRead MoreJohn Kesey s One Flew Over The Cuckoo s Nest3682 Words   |  15 PagesCuckoo’s Nest’ and Sylvia Plath’s ‘Ariel’ Collection, the themes of gender and identity are clearly linked. Kesey and McEwan explore gender and identity through the male perspective and consequently present themselves as misogynists through their texts in their deleterious portrayal of women who do not adhere to what tradition dictates is ‘ideal’. Plath, on th e other hand, presents the female perspective, providing readers with an alternative view, that of the female sufferer. However, in her portrayal ofRead MoreAnalysis Of One Flew Over The Cuckoo s Nest 3755 Words   |  16 PagesClerambault’s syndrome which habitually affects women. While Plath struggled with the â€Å"ardent feminist within her’’, she sought to â€Å"embrace the ideology of feminineness that had been indoctrinated into the women of her generation’’ leading to a â€Å"schizophrenic split within herself’’, a struggle not shared by McEwan and Kesey. Kesey described himself as ‘’comfortable with {his} identity and masculinity’’ as he understood he was too young to be a beatnik, and too old to be a hippie’’ and so his

Saturday, December 21, 2019

The Conflict Between Israel and Palestine Essay examples

The conflict between Israel and Palestine has tight roots in history, stretching thousands of years back to when the Israelites first forged their way into the land, then known as Canaan. It came to its peak in 1948, the year Israel declared its independence (Beinin). Ever since then, the volatile area of Palestine has become a battle ground for war, terrorism, and politics. The two nations have attempted to make agreements, but so far, none of them have succeeded in creating long-lasting peace. Since it is unlikely that neither Israel nor Palestine would completely give up their land to the other nation, a compromise needs to be forged between the two. The conflict between Israel and Palestine cannot stop unless Israel lifts the†¦show more content†¦These restrictions have not completely closed off trade into Gaza, however. With heavy border control on the surface, traders have turned to smuggling goods through subterranean tunnels that burrow into Egypt. It is estim ated that around 15,000 jobs are found in the tunnels, smuggling anything from weapons and cement, to food and cigarettes. These jobs are very much high-risk, however, with cave-ins increasingly common. (Myre) If Israel dropped their blockade and opened up more trading opportunities for the people of Gaza, there would be a significant decrease in accidents in these smuggling tunnels, and their economy would be better off. Above all else, it would express to the Palestinians of Gaza that Israel was prepared to trust them. The second step in ending this violent conflict in the Middle East is for Israel to lift their occupation and settlement on the Gaza Strip and the West Bank. If Palestinians and Israelis had settled for the terms outlined in the original United Nations partition plan in 1947, history might have taken a very different path. This plan would have split the land into two different states, an Arab state, and an Israeli state. Jerusalem and Bethlehem, for their reli gious significance to many cultures, would have become international regions. (Beinin) Due to the likelihood of further Jewish immigration, thisShow MoreRelatedIsrael And Palestine Conflict Between Palestine And Israel1303 Words   |  6 Pagesborders between Palestine and Israel have been unfair. The Israeli people have taken a majority of the Palestinians land. This had caused conflict between these two territories for years. The Israel and Palestine conflict has been going on for many decades and nothing seems to be able to solve this issue. All because the Israeli government is very stubborn. They are not willing to make a compromise in this situation. The main issues between the Palestinians and the Israelites are; Israel has beenRead MoreThe Conflict Between Israel And Palestine968 Words   |  4 PagesAlthough the conflict between Israel and Palestine has been going on for decades and decades, tensions appear to be growing once again due to Israel’s plan of buildin g at least 1,000 housing units in East Jerusalem. Since East Jerusalem has been chosen to be the capital of Palestine, housing Israelis in the eastern part would certainly threaten the viability of the future Palestinian State (Fox News). Seeing that this new conflict has the potential for escalation, Jordan immediately called for anRead MoreThe Conflict Between Israel And Palestine Essay2089 Words   |  9 Pages The conflict between Israel and Palestine has raged on since Israel s founding in the 1940s, the solution to this problem is not always straight forward or clear. It seems like everyone has formed their opinions and are stuck in their ways. The United Nations has even seem to accept the conflict as a certainty and for a large part does not wish to address it (Baker). However just because this problem is complex doesn t mean there is no hope for a solution. This conflict is generally seen as aRead MoreConflict Between Israel And Palestine1045 Words   |  5 PagesThe big question we ask ourselves today is, will Israel and Palestine ever agree to stop fighting? The conflict between Israel and Palestine has been traced all the way back to 1948 through 2005 in The Israel Palestine Land Settlement Problem, written by Charles Rowley and Jennis Taylor. However, this conflict did not end in 2005. This article was written in 2006, so anything within the last 10 years is not included. The conflict between the two counties still continues to this day and still remainsRead MoreThe Conflict Between Israel And Palestine2424 Words   |  10 Pages The Israeli-Palestinian Conflict is an endless battle about land that has caused political tragedy, greatly impacted the residents, as well as has caused worldwide attention in international disputes to find a solution for both states. How did the conflict between Israel and Palestine begin and how does the world contribute to this conflict? Due to previously chronicled occasions, there is a great deal of disarray about whose land it truly is. There have been many great lives of both troopers andRead MoreConflict Between Palestine And Israel1747 Words   |  7 PagesDemolitions, since 1967, Israel has demolished more than 26,000 Palestinian-owned structures in the occupied Palestinian territory.† Additionally, between 1967 and 2011 over 14,000 Palestinians had their residency rights in Jerusalem revoked and have thus permanently lost their right to live in or even visit the city of their birth.† The disruption of life â€Å"as normal† has a drastic influence the cultural underpinnings of the nation. Very different from their former life, Israel now has legal controlRead MoreHistorical Conflict Between Palestine And Israel1176 Words   |  5 PagesOn the 13th of September, 1993, a seldom moment between Israeli Prime Minister, Yitzhak Rabin and Palestinian Liberation Organisation Chairman, Yasser Arafat marked a context in history. The Oslo Peace Accords had been written and signed by the two leaders – the newly found peace, marked with a single handshake. Unfortunately, this ideal of a non-violent and diplomatic future did not prevail. The peace process between Palestine and Israel failed due to the assassination of Yitzhak Rabin, subsequentRead MoreIsrael And Palestine Conflict Between Judaism And Islam1568 Words   |  7 PagesIsrael and Palestine The conflict between the Palestinians and the Israelis is largely a religious conflict. Even though religion, ethnicity, territory, and politics are inextricably interwoven, the conflict is largely fueled and driven on by the religious rift between Judaism and Islam. Without the religious component of a Jewish state and the religious identity of the Palestinians clashing against one another, perhaps the conflict would still have emerged out of territorial or nationalistic disputesRead MoreThe Sad Nature of the Conflict between Israel and Palestine Essay570 Words   |  3 PagesPalestinian refugee camps in the Middle East or thought much about the Palestinian people. This lecture helped me understand the truly sad nature of the conflict between Israel and Palestine. You began the lecture by showing a video about the Aida refugee camp, which is one of many camps the in which the Israelis placed the Palestinians once Israel became a country after WWII. Then you spoke of your experiences living and working there. Telling stories of Israelis shooting children, throwing tearRead MoreHow The Two State Solution Can Solve The Arab / Israeli Conflict825 Words   |  4 PagesArushi Saxena Period 4, History December 1st, 2015 How the Two-State Solution Can Solve the Arab/Israeli Conflict Over the years, people have argued about different solutions for the Arab/Israeli conflict. The Arab-Israeli conflict is an ongoing incongruity between Israelis and the Palestinians. Since 1948, the state of Israel is in the center of the dispute between the Palestinians and Israelis over who should own the land. The Jews (Israelis) claim that the land is theirs based on the promise

Friday, December 13, 2019

Internal Analysis of Google Free Essays

string(52) " develop their own way of working \(Curtis, 2006\)\." Introduction Google is one of the largest companies in the US having a worth of 23 billion with soaring share prices and soaring heights of profits. Google’s fame is not only related to its search engine and advertising services but also with how it treats its employees. The culture being followed in Google is highly innovation centered. We will write a custom essay sample on Internal Analysis of Google? or any similar topic only for you Order Now Such high level of innovation which is unrestricted results in many of its employees leaving to start their own ventures, such as in the case of Twitter which was started by the company’s former employee. Google has implemented, since start a highly unconventional and unique administrative system that has been given the name of ‘chaos by design (Hardy, 2006; Bloomberg, 2007). The report provides an internal analysis of the value chain of Google which depicts how work gets done within the organisation under the chaos management framework and what key strengths the company has. The report also provides an industry insight to the ‘best practice’ relating to the business model used in the technology industry by other leading companies using the tool of benchmarking. Value Chain Analysis Primary Value Chain Activities Inbound Logistics and Outbound Logistics The main inputs for Google are its talented employees who produce the profitable ideas for the company and outputs are the cash generating applications for internet users, such as Gmail, Google Scholar, etc aimed at making information accessibility and advertising innovations such as Google Adsense etc which are its main source of profits (Business Week, 2009). Operations Google is a company operating in the information age and is a leading provider of information services to clients. The traditional model of production and manufacturing, distribution and sales does not exist for Google. Instead, multiple processes prevail alongside with short deadline which are operated in teams and conducted in the way best suited for the urgency of the project (Hardy, 2006). Google is a follower of Chaos management practice, whereby desks are loaded and cluttered, there is a multiple use of various different technologies to correspond with and coordinate with the other members of the organisation across the world to respond to the varying short term deadlines and still management to pull it all off and have plenty of spare time to unwind! Where Google, follows the traditional work procedure for human resources, finance and operations, the rest of the work which falls under the software engineers and marketers is solely based on innovation where employees are free to develop their own way of working (Curtis, 2006). You read "Internal Analysis of Google?" in category "Essay examples" Marketing and Sales Google’s main revenue stems from online ads but its purpose is to use this tool to not only benefit itself and the commercial clients but also to inform internet users about different things and happenings, as its mission is to provide useful information. Google has encountered ‘click-fraud’ accusations in the past years alongside Yahoo but has proven its ethical business practice (Business Week, 2009). Services Google provides search (web search, Google Chrome, Google News, and Google scholar), communication (Google Docs, Google Translate, Google Plus and Google Talks) and business associated Google Adword, Google AdSense, Google Analytics, Google apps, Google checkout) services (Hardy, 2006). Support Value Chain Activities Firm Infrastructure Google has had five evolving business models, starting from Google 1.0 to 5.0, growing each time a successful application was launched, such as Google’s Gmail, Google Earth, etc. Google has its operations set up around the world that are directly linked with the head office in the Silicon Valley, California. As the organization grows, its challenges and opportunities grow with it (Curtis, 2006). Google follows a task-oriented, people, innovation and risk taking culture where employees are treated as the strongest power of the company and are encouraged to utilize their skills and talents in taking risks and bold steps which allow the company to benefit in return (Lashinsky, 2006). The culture resembles that of campus life where the students are free to do what they like but submit projects on time. They are offered various leisure and recreational activities to take part in to ease their minds off the work (Business Week, 2009). Google’s major source of attraction for employees is its management style and the motivation practices being undertaken by the human resource managers (Hardy, 2006). Google is a follower of Chaos management practice, whereby desks are loaded and cluttered, there is a multiple use of various different technologies to correspond with and coordinate with the other members of the organisation across the world to respond to the varying short term deadlines and still management to pull it all off and have plenty of spare time to unwind! This chaos management style does not offer employees restrictions and constraints for work. There are minimum boundaries and maximum opportunities for growth (Curtis, 2006). Chaos management style is followed in Google’s organization where systemic, structured and authorative managerial practices are not found to exist. Instead, in a flat organization, employees are given minimum supervision and are free to work in self-managing teams and meet multiple deadlines.(Bloomberg, 2007). Google demands one thing from its staff: innovation in every process and work area and offers endless rewards in return (Lashinsky, 2006). The employees are offered a 20% work space where they can chose a day in the week to work on their separate chosen projects) (Hardy, 2006). The rest of the work they chose is what they find most interest in. in a way they end up doing exactly what they love. Where this helps motivate the employees and be enthusiastic about the work they chose and never feel imposed or over burdened with work, this also leaves a lot of boring work and teams to be left out which no one wants to do and work with for completion of certain important projects. Where Google, follows the traditional work procedure for human resources, finance and operations, the rest of the work which falls under the software engineers and marketers is solely based on innovation where employees are free to develop their own way of working (Schermerhorn, 2010). There are three main ways h ow Google is motivating the employees: job enrichment, employee stock ownership program and the fringe benefits (Business Week, 2009). Human Resource Management Google receives thousands of applications every year as almost any intelligent, energetic, internet and technology enthusiast employee is interested to work for Google considering the high rewards it offers to its workforce. This results in havoc for recruitment and selection. The human resource managers at Google have a refined process of recruitment and selection which is based on a traditional model but is carried out in a modern fashion (Curtis, 2006). Technological Development Google thrives is internet revenue stream on cloud computing. The cloud computing technical capability is embedded in the business model of Google, which allows it to handle bank loads of information and data and offer services to its billions of clients worldwide (Curtis, 2006). Google invests considerable amount of time, money and effort to continually progress its technological capabilities centered on increasing internet security, faster download, more innovations that generate more revenues and render customers satisfied from using its services and more applications to attract more customers. Google’s focus also has been on IaaS (Infrastructure as Service) to assist enterprises in establishing cloud computing systems in their organisations, much like Amazon and other e-commerce companies (Bloomberg, 2007). Technological development at Google has allowed it to benefit from reduction in operational costs and from the use of Paas (Platform as a Service) in terms of boosting operational efficiency (Hardy, 2006). Benchmarking: Business Model in the Technology Industry Google’s fame is not only related to its search engine and advertising services but also with how it treats its employees. The culture being followed in Google is highly innovation centered. Such high level of innovation which is unrestricted results in many of its employees leaving to start their own ventures, such as in the case of Twitter which was started by the company’s former employee. The ‘Googley’ way of working has attracted and continues to attract almost every individual who is passionate about innovation and computer technology (Bloomberg, 2007). The question of sustainability then comes, as argued consistently by Financial Times as to how long further can the existing model being followed by Google survive despite of having soaring shares that are reaching heights (Financial Times, 2010). With the economic downfall occurring globally, the technology industry has not been immune to any damages and has suffered with the consequences as well. Businesses are now inclined towards sustaining their profitability through new and alternative means of business expansion. From within, the businesses have had the inclination towards obtaining alliances and partnerships to foster their business growth. This inclination is supported by the important element: the customers’ demands. Businesses, with grave concern over prompt adaptations in the highly challenging business environment, do not have time to waste on installing and assembling the operations systems, they want prompt and immediate information feedback as and when they require it. For this reason, having to deal with two or three suppliers is just a burden. With the alliances and partnerships, business now have to just attend to one stop shops to cater to their information and data center software and hardware needs (Zack, 2008). The companies are now competing to obtain the maximum trust of the customers through providing all the necessary software and hardware requirements in one go, with minimum difficulties and complexities in the process of installing data centers, without having to take over other companies that provide either hardware or software services that one company does not. They are now competing via obtaining partnership agreements with companies whose services are complementary in an attempt to gain market share and provide one stop shop for customers (Menick, 2008). The business model for technology companies’ partnerships contain the following components: Inputs Resources These include required manufacturing resources, such as the technological expertise and equipment required to produce the software or the hardware (Menick, 2008). Innovation In the computer industry there is no survival without continuous and prompt innovation and creativity. The new business model of Hp and Microsoft takes into account the innovation component to produce better data centers that cater to various customer demands (Financial Times, 2010). Strategy and Governance Differentiation The alliance and one stop shop concept is a differentiating element and getting the best of Hp and Microsoft from one stop is itself a unique and differentiating component for both the businesses. The product of such an alliance through SQL and data centre software along with HP’s hardware solution in one package is a differentiated one as prior to this, the business customers have had to deal with multiple suppliers of software and hardware equipment to develop an efficient and effective data centre (Zack, 2008). Staging and Pacing The biggest challenge in the computer industry is of staging and pacing as technological advancements are always on a full throttle and have to be adapted to very quickly. Companies like HP and Microsoft and Apple, in their separate business endeavors are continuously engaged in bringing about innovations in the market first hand. This is based on their strategic staging and pacing with the technological advancements (Farrel, 1994). Partnership The latest and a highly important component which is reshaping the business model is that of the partnership. Partnership is part of the strategic staging of the companies to enhance their operations and provide a better and a farfetched product in the market that acts as a one stop shop. The economic outputs of pursuing such a business model are: Demand Satisfaction of the customers; Sales; Revenue; Net Income and Growth (Financial Times, 2010). References Bloomberg. (2007). Google Shares Rise; Goldman Forecasts 30% Price Gain. Available at Accessed 17 June 2012. Business Week. (2009). Google’s Management Style Grows Up. Available at Accessed 17 June 2012. Curtis, L. (2006). ‘Will Google become a victim of its own success?’ Admap, 41(473): 55-8. Farrel, S. (1994). ‘Choosing how to compete: Strategies and tactics in standardization’, The Journal of Economic Perspectives, 8(2): 117-131. Financial Times (2010). Apple Unveils Fourth-Generation iPhone. Available at Accessed 18 June 2012. Hardy, Q. (2006). ‘The Google industrial complex’, Forbes, 16: 109-12. Lashinsky, A. (2006). ‘Chaos at Google’, Fortune, 154(6): 34-42. Menick, J. (2008). Basic Adventure and Strategy Game Design for the Apple. Facts on the File. Schermerhorn, J. (2010). Management. Wiley and Sons. Zack, M. (2008). Developing a Knowledge Strategy. Prentice Hall. How to cite Internal Analysis of Google?, Essay examples

Thursday, December 5, 2019

Multiple Biography on Steve Jobs, Jfk, Dwight Eisenhower, Albert Einstein and Bill Gates free essay sample

Steven Paul Jobs was born on February 24, 1955, in San Francisco, California, to Joanne Schieble (later Joanne Simpson) and Abdul Fattah John Jandali, two University of Wisconsin graduate students who gave their unnamed son up for adoption. His father, Abdul Fattah Jandali, was a Syrian political science professor and his mother, Joanne Schieble, worked as a speech therapist. As an infant, Steven was adopted by Clara and Paul Jobs and named Steven Paul Jobs. Clara worked as an accountant and Paul was a Coast Guard veteran and machinist. The family lived in Mountain View within Californias Silicon Valley. As a boy, Jobs and his father would work on electronics in the family garage. Paul would show his son how to take apart and reconstruct electronics, a hobby which instilled confidence, tenacity and mechanical prowess in young Jobs. Steve attended the Reed College in Portland, Oregon, but ended up dropping out. In his early ages during the attendance in the Reed College, Steve worked for Atari as a Video Game Designer. Several months after working with Atari he left to India to find spiritual enlightenment in India, traveling the continent and experimenting with psychedelic drugs. In 1976, when Jobs was just 21, he and Steve Wozniak started Apple Computers. The duo started in the Jobs family garage. Steve was the CEO of Apple Inc. he also invented companies such as, next INC . and Pixar’s. On October 5, 2011, Apple Inc. announced that its co-founder had passed away. After battling pancreatic cancer for nearly a decade, Steve Jobs died in Palo Alto. He was 56 years old. The reason I picked Steve Jobs First because, not only he is in my field. But he came from being given up by his own parents to, one of the greatest computer revolutionaries. He overcame every obstacle life had put in his path. President (LTG)John F. Kennedy: John Fitzgerald Kennedy was born on May 29, 1917, in Brookline, Massachusetts. Both the Fitzgerald’s and the Kennedys were wealthy and prominent Irish Catholic Boston families. Kennedys paternal grandfather, P. J. Kennedy, was a wealthy banker and liquor trader, and his maternal grandfather, John E. Fitzgerald, nicknamed Honey Fitz, was a skilled politician who served as a congressman and as the mayor of Boston. Kennedy was in fact very bookish in high school, reading ceaselessly but not the books his teachers assigned. He was also chronically ill during his childhood and adolescence; he suffered from severe colds, the flu, scarlet fever and even more severe, undiagnosed diseases that forced him to miss months of school at a time and occasionally brought him to the brink of death. Kennedy Attended Harvard College in which he graduated with the title of Alma Matter. In September 1941, after medical disqualification by the Army for his chronic lower back problems, Kennedy joined the U. S. Navy, with the influence of the director of the Office of Naval Intelligence, former naval attache to Joseph Kennedy. Kennedy was an ensign serving in the office of the Secretary of the Navy when the attack on Pearl Harbor occurred. He attended the Naval Reserve Officer Training Corps and Motor Torpedo Boat Squadron Training Center, was assigned duty in Panama and later in the Pacific theater, where he earned the rank of lieutenant, commanding a patrol torpedo (PT) boat. On August 2, 1943, Kennedys boat, PT-109, along with PT-162 and PT-169, were performing nighttime patrols near New Georgia in the Solomon Islands, when PT-109 was rammed by the Japanese destroyer Amagiri. Kennedy received the Navy and Marine Corps Medal, Purple Heart, World War 2 Victory Medal and Asiatic Pacific Campaign Medal. John F. Kennedy was sworn in as the 35th President at noon on January 20, 1961. President Kennedy was assassinated in Dallas, Texas, at 12:30 pm Central Standard Time on Friday November 22, 1963, while on a political trip to Texas to smooth over frictions in the Democratic Party between liberals Ralph Yarborough and Don Yarborough and conservative John Connally. He was shot once in the upper back and killed with a final shot to the head. He was taken to Parkland Hospital for emergency medical treatment, but pronounced dead at 1:00 pm. The Reason I picked President Kennedy is, because no matter what crisis we faced either the Cuban missile crisis, the civil rights and liberties and the Space Policy. He had faith in us as a nation that we came overcome it all, and stand united as American’s for a better future and a better country. Albert Einstein: Born on March 14, 1879 in Ulm, Wurttemberg, Germany, Albert Einstein grew up in a secular, middle-class Jewish family. His father, Hermann Einstein, was a salesman and engineer who, with his brother, founded Elektrotechnische Fabrik J. Einstein Cie, a company that manufactured electrical equipment in Munich, Germany. His mother, the former Pauline Koch, ran the family household. Einstein had one sister, Maja, born two years after him. Einstein attended elementary school at the Luitpold Gymnasium in Munich, where he excelled in his studies. He enjoyed classical music and played the violin. However, he felt alienated and struggled with the rigid Prussian education he received there. He also experienced a speech difficulty, a slow cadence in his speaking where he’d pause to consider what to say next. Einstein Graduated from ETH Zurich and University of Zurich with the title of Alma Matter. In December, 1932, Einstein decided to leave Germany forever. In which he took a position at the newly formed Institute for Advanced Study at Princeton, New Jersey, which soon became a Mecca for physicists from around the world. It was here that he would spend the rest of his career trying to develop a unified field theory an all-embracing theory that would unify the forces of the universe, and thereby the laws of physics, into one framework and refute the accepted interpretation of quantum physics. In the summer of 1939, Einstein, along with another scientist, Leo Szilard, was persuaded to write a letter to President Franklin D. Roosevelt to alert him of the possibility of a Nazi bomb. President Roosevelt could not risk the possibility that Germany might develop an atomic bomb first. The letter is believed to be the key factor that motivated the United States to investigate the development of nuclear weapons. Roosevelt invited Einstein to meet with him and soon after the United States initiated the Manhattan Project. In 1935, Albert Einstein was granted permanent residency in the United States and became an American citizen in 1940. On April 17, 1955, while working on a speech he was preparing to commemorate Israels 17th anniversary, Einstein suffered an abdominal aortic aneurysm and experienced internal bleeding. He was taken to the University Medical Center at Princeton for treatment, but refused surgery, believing that he had lived his life and was content to accept his fate. Einstein died at the university medical center early the next morning April 18, 1955 at the age of 76. President (GEN) Dwight Eisenhower: Dwight D. Eisenhower was born on October 14, 1890, in Denison, Texas, to David Jacob Eisenhower and Ida Elizabeth Stover Eisenhower. Dwight was the third of his parents’ seven sons. His parents had moved from Abilene, Kansas, to Denison, Texas, before he was born. In Denison, the family lived in a tiny house near the railroad tracks while David cleaned train engines for a living. In 1911 Dwight landed an appointment at the United States Military Academy in West Point, New York, where attendance was free of charge. Once again he was a star on the football field, until a series of knee injuries forced him to stop playing. In 1915 Eisenhower proudly graduated from West Point at the top of his class, and was commissioned as a second lieutenant. From 1927 to 1929 Eisenhower toured and reported for the War Department, under General John Pershing. After finishing his tour in 1929, Eisenhower was appointed chief military aide under General Douglas MacArthur. From 1935 to 1939 Eisenhower served under MacArthur as assistant military advisor to the Philippines. Eisenhower returned to the United States in early 1940. Over the next two years he was stationed in California and Washington State. In 1941, after a transfer to Fort Sam Houston, Eisenhower became chief of staff for the Third Army. Eisenhower was soon promoted to brigadier general for his leadership of the Louisiana Maneuvers. Late that year he was transferred to the War Plans division in Washington, D. C. In 1942, he was promoted to major general. Just months later, he became commander-in-chief of the Allied Forces and led Operation Torch, the Allied invasion of North Africa. By D-Day, Eisenhower was promoted to five-star rank. Upon Germany’s surrender in 1945, he was made military governor of the U. S. Occupied Zone. Eisenhower then returned home to Abilene and received a hero’s welcome. A few months later, he was appointed U. S. Army chief of staff. In 1947 he was elected president of Columbia University, a position he held until December of 1950. In 1951 Eisenhower decided to leave Columbia to assume an appointment as first Supreme Allied Commander of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. While in Paris with NATO, Eisenhower was encouraged by Republican emissaries to run for president of the United States. In 1952 Eisenhower retired from active service and returned to Abilene to announce his candidacy for the Republican Party nomination. On November 4, 1952, after winning the election by a landslide, Eisenhower was elected the United States’ 34th president. His domestic policy picked up where Roosevelt’s New Deal and Fair Deal programs left off. In foreign policy, Eisenhower made reducing Cold War tensions through military negotiation a main focus of his administration. In 1953 he orchestrated an armistice that brought peace to South Korea’s border. Also that year, Eisenhower made his famous â€Å"Atoms for Peace† speech at the United Nations General Assembly. Eisenhower died on March 28, 1969, at the Walter Reed Army Hospital in Washington, D. C. , following a long period of suffering from a heart-related illness. In addition to a state funeral in the nations capital, a military funeral was held in Eisenhowers beloved hometown of Abilene, Kansas. The reason why, I Picked President (General) Eisenhower is, this bright gentleman came from working on a creamery and moonlighting at night as a fireman. To being in of our greatest presidents in our history. He finished President Roosevelt’s New Deal and Fair Deal programs left off. His foreing policies kept us away from the brink of war. He was, and is a True American Hero. Bill Gates: Born William Henry Gates III, on October 28, 1955, in Seattle, Washington. Gates began to show an interest in computer programming at the age of 13 at the Lakeside School. Bill Gates grew up in an upper middle-class family with two sisters: Kristianne, who is older, and Libby, who is younger. Their father, William H. Gates, Sr. , was a promising, if somewhat shy, law student when he met his future wife, Mary Maxwell. She was an athletic, outgoing student at the University of Washington, actively involved in student affairs and leadership. The Gates family atmosphere was warm and close, and all three children were encouraged to be competitive and strive for excellence. Bill showed early signs of competitiveness when he coordinated family athletic games at their summer house on Puget Sound. He also relished in playing board games (Risk was his favorite) and excelled in Monopoly. While at Lakeside School, a Seattle computer company offered to provide computer time for the students. The Mothers Club used proceeds from the schools rummage sale to purchase a teletype terminal for students to use. Bill Gates became entranced with what a computer could do and spent much of his free time working on the terminal. Gates holds several honorary doctorates from universities such as, Harvard and many more throughout the world and an honorary Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire by Queen Elizabeth II. In 2006, Gates and his wife were awarded the Order of the Aztec Eagle by the Mexican government for their philanthropic work throughout the world in the areas of health and education. Gates invented the company known as Microsoft. Even though their rivalry Microsoft and Apple shared many of their early innovations. In 1981 Apple invited Microsoft to help develop software for Macintosh computers. Some developers were involved in both Microsoft development, and the development of Microsoft applications for Macintosh. 1985, Bill Gates and Microsoft launched Windows; nearly two years after his announcement. Visually the Windows system looked very similar to the Macintosh system Apple Computer Corporation had introduced nearly two years earlier. Apple had earlier given Microsoft full access to their technology while it was working on making Microsoft products compatible for Apple computers. Gates and his wife are currently focused in charities that help children around the world with basic human needs and education. He gives out multiple student aid to bright and young people around the world. In order for them to attend college. While I thinks that his motives are great, I think his talents and Ideas towards the Technological Field are, just wasting away in his brain. I do understand that everyone needs a break or a time away from something. But time wasted just simply does not come back. Bibliography: Steve Jobs Biography Book By Walter Isaacson. JFK Biography Book By Michael O’Brien 2005. Albert Einstein Biography Book By Albrecht Folsing and Ewald Osers (May 1, 1998). Eisenhower Soldier and President, by Stephen E. Ambrose (Feb 5, 2007) Who is Bill Gates†¦Who Was He? By Patricia Brennan Demuth, Ted Hammond and Nancy Harrison (Mar 21, 2013)

Thursday, November 28, 2019

Best Entrepreneurship Summer Programs for High School Students

The summer is a great time for students to explore potential academic interests or to delve into extracurricular activities that can help them determine whether an intended major is a subject area they really want to explore in college.This week, we take a look at a few out-of-the-box entrepreneurship summer programs (that still have an open application window) for the high school entrepreneur.BUSINESS / ENTREPRENEURSHIPProbably our broadest category in the sense that you can really do anything, Business majors learn anything from Economics and Statistics to Marketing to Management to Organizational Psychology. As an entrepreneur, you can participate in any of the programs upcoming or create the opportunity you want!Stanford Summer Silicon Valley Innovation Academy Program Highlights: 7 week program focused on creating and working on completing a team-based moonshot project; students will prototype and showcase a final project. Location: Stanford University in Palo Alto, California Requirements: High school transcript, standardized test scores (optional), extracurricular activity resume, 2 personal statement essays, recommendation letter Apply by: Rolling admissions until May 1st, 2019 Cost: $14,426 to $17,054, depending on program (includes tuition for course credit, room board, and all fees) Program website: Business Leadership Immersion at GeorgetownProgram Highlights: 3-week business simulation that takes students through the entire process of starting a company as an entrepreneur. Location: Georgetown University in Washington, D.C. Requirements: 300-500 word personal statement; official academic reference; minimum 2.0 GPA Apply by: May 31st Cost: $6,358 (includes tuition, meals, and room board) Program website: Business Bootcamp at University of RochesterProgram highlights: Over 3 weeks, students will create their own business plans and practice pitching their ideas as they develop their best business strategies. Location:University of Rochester in Rochester, New York Requirements:short essays; high school transcript; letter of recommendation Apply by:Deadline extended - rolling. Program dates:July 8–26, 2019 Cost:$5,100 (includes tuition and room board) Program website: Camp Business at Drexel UniversityProgram Highlights:Campers learn foundational business subjects: accounting, marketing, finance and management as well as the stock market, financial documents, and the role of technology. The weeklong program culminates in a group business case competition. Location: Drexel University in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Requirements: Application form; letter of recommendation; scholarship application (optional). Preferenceis given to students with outstanding GPAs and standardized test scores (PSAT, ACT, and SAT are considered) as well as active involvement in extracurricular or community service activities. Apply by:May 31st, 2019 Cost:$750 (commuter), $1,500 (residential) Program website: Berklee/Brown Creative EntrepreneurshipProgram Highlights:Through lectures and workshops with creative entrepreneurs, students will learn how to take an idea from prototype to presentation. Over the course of 2 weeks, students will design a hands-on project. The Berklee portion will allow students to delve into creative environments, such as recording studios and concert stages to learn how the work of artists and creatives provides a model for entrepreneurs. Location: Brown University in Providence, Rhode Island and Berklee College in Boston, Massachusetts Requirements: Short essay (1,500 characters or less) answering: What do you hope to learn about creative entrepreneurship, communication and leadership? What concrete skills, attitudes, or knowledge will you contribute to this program?; academic transcript; relevant websites or products (optional); scholarship application (optional) Apply by: Rolling - fees increase after April 30th Cost: $6,100 Program website: ​Of course, as an entrepreneur, you are more than welcome to create your own summer opportunity. Working on your own business or launching a product or service with some friends is a great way to learn on the job and get real world entrepreneurship experience that you dont have to pay for!Plus, entrepreneurship doesnt necessarily mean starting a for-profit business. Working on a community-based project thats born from your initiative or tackling a creative endeavor that requires coordinating resources is in every way entrepreneurial as well. So dont let yourself be limited by what you may at first glance define as entrepreneurship. As long as you work on something you care about over the summer, you can create the opportunities you seekandthatis impressive entrepreneurship.

Monday, November 25, 2019

Exploring Areas of Management Research at Educational Institution Essays

Exploring Areas of Management Research at Educational Institution Essays Exploring Areas of Management Research at Educational Institution Essay Exploring Areas of Management Research at Educational Institution Essay  ¦ Indian Journal of Commerce Management Studies ISSN – 2229-5674 EXPLORING AREAS OF MANAGEMENT RESEARCH AT EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTION Vaishali Patil Asst. Professor JSPM’s Kautilya Institute of Management Research Wagholi, Pune India Sumati Sidharth Asst. Professor JSPM’s Kautilya Institute of Management Research Wagholi, Pune. India ABSTRACT There has been a tremendous change in the perspective for â€Å"Management Research† in recent years. But too little efforts had been given to explore the new areas where management research will be helpful. Management Research is about searching systematically for solutions to management problems. There are a number of areas where management research can act as a boon and can help us do better work in the related area. Commonly research topics are selected focusing on the organizations perspective, related to the issues or problems which arise in organizations. The purpose of this paper is to explore new areas where management research will be helpful and focus on the issues where management research can make things better. A thought is given to the areas where â€Å"Management† is a new word; involving new concept of management to such areas can help do things in a better manner. Exploring new areas will also help the researcher to work in a variety of field and discover new ways to help the organization to focus on the issues and constructively work on it. A case study of educational institution has been suitably presented in this paper. Keywords: Management Research, Managerial Aanticipation, Academic Culture  ¦ Internationally Indexed Journal  ¦ www. scholarshub. net  ¦ Vol–II , Issue -3 March 2011  ¦ 70  ¦ Indian Journal of Commerce Management Studies INTRODUCTION: ISSN – 2229-5674 Management research in today’s world in any organization is influenced by the society and economics and with rapid growth of global commerce; managers at all level need accurate and timely information, for managerial decision making. Whether the decisions made are technical, tactica l or strategic levels; good, accurate and timely information always leads to better decision. Gathering of information is done through a sound and scientific process i. e. management research. Every now and then organizations spend enormous amount of money for research and development in order to maintain their competitive edge. The research done helps the management or organization to plan different strategies to compete with challenging world. Thus accurate information is obtained through research and leads to enormous benefits of the organization. However with ever changing and challenging environment the problem or the issues related with the different areas and fields have grown in number and scope and complexity over the years, exploring different areas of management research will lead to success. Thus a sophisticated understanding of the various fields of management research can help individuals as well as organizations lead. OBJECTIVE OF EXPLORING AREAS OF MANAGEMENT RESEARCH AT EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS: 1. Exploring areas of management research at educational institution provide a road map to get more information in the related field. 2. Exploring areas of management research at educational institution will help finding the different areas where improvements can be done at educational institution. 3. Exploring areas of management research will help understand the nature , influences and solutions for the different problems or issues which are raised or may raise in the organization. 4. Exploring areas of management research at educational institution can help achieving the goal by providing a better solution. CONCEPT OF MANAGEMENT RESEARCH: Management in all business and organizational activities is the act of getting people together to accomplish desired goals and objectives effectively and efficiently. Management comprises of planning, organizing, staffing, leading, directing and controlling an organization (a group of one or more people or entities) or effort for the purpose of accomplishing a goal. As organizations can be viewed as systems, management can also be defined as human action including design to facilitate the production of useful outcomes from a system. Research can be defined as the search for knowledge or as any systematic investigation with an open mind to establish novel facts using scientific method. Thus Management Research can be defined as a form of systematic inquiry that contributes to the knowledge in the field of management. 1. APPLICATION OF MANAGEMENT RESEARCH AT EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTION: The topic of promoting and strengthening research activities within educational institution or management schools is familiar around the world today. The management research can help identify the needs to promote and strengthen the educational pattern and the research activities in the educational institution. This will also help understand the nature and scope of management research at educational  ¦ Internationally Indexed Journal  ¦ www. cholarshub. net  ¦ Vol–II , Issue -3 March 2011  ¦ 171  ¦ Indian Journal of Commerce Management Studies ISSN – 2229-5674 institution, the changing expectations from the management research, and the ever growing number of problems or issues before the educational institution. 1. 1 NATURE AND SCOPE OF MANAGEMENT RESAERCH AT EDUC ATIONAL INSTITUTION: Management can be defined as â€Å"the art and science of planning, organizing, directing, controlling and executing human efforts so as to make the best utilization of the available resources to achieve organizational objectives†. However there a various other facets of management which should be taken into consideration, like the need to identify and make available new forms of resources, the need to devise organizational system and practices to facilitate a collaborative spirit among a culturally diverse set of people, the need to evaluate and reform the existing organisations so as to make them more responsive to the new demands on them etc. The other issues at the workplace are the issues of leadership, organisational culture, skill up gradation, process innovation, future-orientation, rganisational renewal, risk management, selection and recruitment, virtual workplaces, relationship with customers, group decision support, changing environment of organisations, social responsibility of organisations, emerging global order guiding the evolution of technology, finance, and trade, and so forth. As far as educational institution are consider the management research can make a lot of difference in improving the working in the educational institution and also help in achieving the ultimate goal of educational institution i. e. better education. 1. EXPECTATION FROM MANAGEMENT RESEARCH AT EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTION The Educational world is becoming increasingly competitive due to rapid environmental changes and growing number of educational institution. Many educational institutions find it difficult to manage and sustain in today’s scenario and finally collapse. Management research is an important medium that facilitates improvement of leadership qualities and turns out excellent solutions to the problems. The educational institution main role is to help improve and enhance the existing skills while passing on competence and confidence to students with a good knowledge base. Young aspiring students in the educational institution expects to achieve a reputed degree (look for better education) to turn out to be survivors, the educational institution should be able to provide such education to the students so that they should be able to sustain themselves in an environment of intense competition, globalization and ever-evolving technologies. In fact, producing powerful and competitive individuals is the biggest challenge that educational institution worldwide face today. The management research will help explaining the different areas where educational institution can improve and achieve their goal of providing better education. 1. 3 PROBLEMS BEFORE EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTION: History proves that with the progressing days the new problems emerges even before the old ones could be adequately resolved. Presently, India is placed the third largest higher education system in the world in terms of enrollment. With such a large system, in India education system is in an impoverished condition; the higher education system is not available to the people below poverty. Some common problems of the educational institution are: a. Availability: Though the education system has grown progressively in certain decades but the availability of faculty, funds and sometimes infrastructure is commonly noticed.  ¦ Internationally Indexed Journal  ¦ www. scholarshub. net  ¦ Vol–II , Issue -3 March 2011  ¦ 172  ¦ Indian Journal of Commerce Management Studies ISSN – 2229-5674 b. Changing ownership patterns: Educational institutions are being built up by public-private, private institutions have arrived as ‘high profit areas driven by shortages’. The demand pressures, in particular employment-oriented ones and have shifted the ownership structure of education. Also every now or then the Norms and Regulations keeps changing as per the Governments policy. c. Regional Disparity: Within individual states, the course has been for colleges to open in certain urban areas. For instance Maharashtra, a state where the capacity of higher education institutions is almost high, the combination of availability of certain courses in certain cities is clear cut. More than 50 government colleges in India are in urban centre and not a single one is in rural areas. The regional distinction is not only at a macro level, but also within regions in terms of quality and attention of the institutions. d. The differential nature of educational costs: Altered department is conducted by raising the costs in some areas of higher education. More employment-oriented are explore as an investment for future income generation. Courses that do not guarantee employment remain relatively cheap and this is where the country’s economic difference is reflected, especially in higher education. Increasingly, education which would accomplish future income is becoming available to those who can afford it. Also What motives teachers or faculties to work effectively? How to get productive work from them? Which work system promotes efficiency? How to resolve conflicts, if arises? How to attract students? How to improve decision making under uncertain circumstances? How to set long-term objectives? How to achieve sustainable superior performance over a long period of time? However the problems seem to have grown in number, scope and complexity over the years, one expects that the accumulation of information through management research will lead to general rise in the competence in recognizing and resolving the problems. Every academic institution needs an academically inspiring goal to work for. 2. EMERGING RESPONSIBILITY OF MANAGEMENT RESEARCH: Management became recognized as an area of stud, it is becoming clear that the subject is likely to involve multiple research epitomes. This is perhaps because no unique way has been found that could sufficiently characterize the complex reality associated with the activity (or phenomenon) called management and the role of research with respect to that reality. At one level, there is the concrete external reality of material, money, or manufacturing that could be objectively described. Observations on these could be compared and patterns could be identified, for example, the degree of operational flexibility associated with alternative manufacturing systems or the relationship between financial risk and return. At another level, there is the internal reality of human thought, emotion, behavior, mental models, or the so-called defense mechanisms. This aspect of managerial reality poses unique challenge to the research approaches that depend solely on objective data, i. e. , those obtained through classical observations. Researchers have made use of alternative forms of observation, e. . , participant observation (sometimes using observing participants), unobtrusive observation, etc. Some others have relied on reports (including self-reports) instead of observations. However, there are difficult methodological questions pertaining to the truthfulness and validity of such reports. At yet another level, there is the intermediate reality of social and organisational st ructures that simultaneously shape and are shaped by human behaviour. The methodological issues in studying such intermediate reality are still a major topic of academic debate in management. Although the above does not clarify what the key difficulties in management research are, it supports the position that management research is likely to be multi-paradigmatic in nature. Therefore, the most fundamental responsibility for management research is to allow the healthy flourishing of multiple research epitomes retaining the possibility of a constructive interaction among them.  ¦ Internationally Indexed Journal  ¦ www. scholarshub. net  ¦ Vol–II , Issue -3 March 2011  ¦ 173  ¦ Indian Journal of Commerce Management Studies ISSN – 2229-5674 Management researchers, in their zeal to make a useful contribution, sometimes arrogate to themselves the responsibility of improving practical situations through planned interventions. In certain circumstances this might constitute a type of colonisation of others’ work environment and their life-worlds. It is an responsibility of management research to respect the intentions and interests of those who are supposed to benefit from such research. Many research studies in management often conclude with a set of recommendations. However, researchers are not the only ones producing recommendations. There are other actors who produce recommendation as well, for example, politicians, spiritual leaders, public officials, family heads, and so forth. Of course a researcher might argue that research-based recommendations are superior to other recommendations because of the supporting data and theory. This leaves little space for the other actors to defend their recommendations. In a way, it silences them. This is being viewed as†violence in contemporary thought (e. g. , Lyotard’s notion of Differend ). The violence is particularly serious when the data, theory, and analyses of management research are known to be methodologically deficient in many ways. There is a responsibility for management research to ensure that others’ voices are not silenced in a violent manner. Popular management idea like TQM certainly have their merit but their propounders and advocates fall short of clarifying some of the basic things one needs to know in order to adopt or apply these in a self-conscious and critically-reflective manner. These include the background challenges, questions, problems, and thoughts that gave rise to such idea. Besides, the literature referring to these ideas does not clarify how a critical reader might compare these with the other ideas in management. For example, there is no systematic comparison between TQM and cybernetics or either of these with the idea of interactive management. Therefore, a serious reader (or student) might accept or reject these ideas without being able to explain the rationale behind that decision. What is more significant, a practitioner would not be able to interpret and learn from the experience of deploying these ideas. As a result of these (i. e. uncritical acceptance or rejection, inability to learn from the use of these ideas, etc. ) the ideas themselves are deprived of the necessary intellectual and empirical nourishment, which are nevertheless required to systematically enrich and improve them. It becomes a responsibility of management research to provide this intellectual and empirical nourishment. 2. EXPLORING MANAGEMENT RESEARCH: By distinguishing augme ntation here is a case study to show the possibility of shaping and presenting the individual efforts in a manner that the overall effect of work carries a unique import in some branches of management research. For exploring areas of management research at educational institution two basic factors can be considered i. e. (a) Managerial Anticipation (b) an Academic culture 3. 1 MANAGERIAL ANTICIPATION: Different issues need to be addressed in managing the future of any educational institution. The present environment of the educational institution is characterised by the following trends: (a) Lack of clarity about the Goals of educational institution in general: The notion of education is historically constructed and undergoes evolutionary as well as epochal revisions from time to time. The advent of the 21st century has perhaps fuelled the need for a major revision in the goals and methods of educational Institution. (b) Emergence of several alternative organisational arrangements: With the changing and challenging environment there is emergence of several alternatives for the provision of educational and research services. Examples of such alternatives include corporate universities corpu. com/, course accrediting universities (e. g. , the Wipro University programme in India), Web-based virtual universities http://vu. u-wien. ac. at/english/, global universities worlduniversity. org/,  ¦ Internationally Indexed Journal  ¦ www. scholarshub. net  ¦ Vol–II , Issue -3 March 2011  ¦ 174  ¦ Indian Journal of Commerce Management Studies ISSN – 2229-5674 knowledge ecologies knowledgeecology. com/, learning communities, etc. Many of these alternatives have emerged in the recent past after the Internet has made physical distances less important a nd educational interactions much faster and easier. c) Increasingly new and more complex challenges before the management profession: Those who study the sociology of professions recognise that the management profession is experiencing some kind of a structural readjustment. Two major social tendencies can be recognised immediately: the contraction (or downsizing) of the state apparatus in many societies and the simultaneous expansion of the range of activities of the corporate organisations. Both of these pose an ever-growing list of new challenges before the educational institution. There is a strange expectation among the educated elite in our country and somehow management research can provide the answers to the most vexing and the most intractable social and organisational questions of our times. (d) Process of unprejudiced occurring even in educational institution: Continuing with the above point many of the new models of educational institution emerging now have one feature in common: They tend to provide a direct link between those playing the roles of learner and teacher. This implies that the professional role of the academic is undergoing a transformation. e) Increasing scarcity of the appropriate mix of skills in higher education and research: As a corollary to the above, a new range of skills are becoming necessary for the professional academic. For example: the skills of designing Web-based educational resources, developing educational software, supporting the learner with information management, crafting new educational goals more relevant to the cu rrent reality, specialising on methodologies that build competence in client organisations, reducing the time required to convert useful data to research output, etc. . 2 Academic Culture: Educational institutions can run into corruption in the absence of an academic culture. They become affected by the confusion in the wider society instead of providing a meaningful direction and an inspiring leadership to it. Various non-academic criteria begin to dominate their operation. Several educational institutions in the region and in the whole country have fallen victim to such a process of impairment. I feel academic institutions can improve by paying attention to building academic culture. a) Comprehensiveness: One of the key difficulties in building an academic culture is that one does not know who might be in a position to contribute to it. Therefore, there is an advantage in maintaining an atmosphere of Comprehensiveness. This means that it should be welcoming to anyone interested in participating in it, irrespective of one’s history. However, contemporary institutional designs might require that the person should have demonstrated an interest and a capability to participate in an academic environment. This is difficult to judge. Therefore, we should provide various alternative ways and means through which one can still participate irrespective of one’s history of achievements. (b) Critical thinking: An academic culture is inconceivable without an ambience of critical thinking. An educational institution interested in developing such an ambience has to invent practices and forms of interaction, which promote critical thinking. A spirit of experimentation, an attitude of tolerance, a desire for responsiveness, and recognition of authenticity are necessary to develop such an ambience. c) Reflective practice: Any practice, academic practice included, requires an effort towards continuous improvement. The notion of reflective practice refers to a process by which people, engaged in some creative field of action, pay attention to their practice in a collective and self-reflective manner. In doing this, they study their own actions and their own thinking jointly and explore alternatives for the future. Such a process must be facilitated by an institution. (d) Support: Contemporary academic activity requires various kinds of support. Several educational institutions tend to assume carelessly that they already know what forms of support might be required.  ¦ Internationally Indexed Journal  ¦ www. scholarshub. net  ¦ Vol–II , Issue -3 March 2011  ¦ 175  ¦ Indian Journal of Commerce Management Studies ISSN – 2229-5674 Given the continuously changing nature of academic work in the contemporary world, there is a need to consider new forms of support and provide these as and when these become necessary. (e) Recognition: Like every practitioner, an academic also needs recognition for his or her contributions. Not only does it satisfy and inspire the individual academic, it also strengthens an environment in which mutual respect and appreciation is fostered. The process of giving credit for someone’s contribution also builds trust in a social environment. CONCLUDING REMARKS: The study helps understand the context within which the management research at educational institution can be done and help do things better. It focuses on describing the context by first focusing on the nature and scope of management research, the changing expectations from management research, and the ever-growing number of problems before the educational institutions. It also enlightens the various issues related with educational institutions. This paper will help open new avenues for further research work. REFERENCES: Kothari. C. R. ,Research Methodology: Methods and Techniques, Dash D. P. Research in Management, www. google. com www. knowledgeecology. com www. worlduniversity. org www. hrd. org  ¦ Internationally Indexed Journal  ¦ www. scholarshub. net  ¦ Vol–II , Issue -3 March 2011  ¦ 176

Thursday, November 21, 2019

Engineering Management Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 3000 words

Engineering Management - Research Paper Example An engineer is supposed to study the principles of engineering management if he wants to become a successful professional in the field of engineering because the increasing competition in the market due to the limitations put up by the scarcity of resources has made it mandatory for the engineers for have a basic knowledge of management and planning strategies which were deemed as unnecessary for the engineers in past. Engineers are supposed to develop a knowledge of financial management, marketing strategies, risk management in addition to project management techniques in order to excel in the field of engineering and this knowledge should be gained before going out in the field (Shainis, Dekom & McVinney, 1995). I got my first experience of working as an engineer when I worked as a chemical engineering intern in a fertilizer plant. My stay at the organization and the plant was very knowledgeable experience as I managed to spend some time in each of the various operational sections of the organization. My knowledge of the various engineering management sessions helped me a lot during the planning and execution of the various projects which were assigned to me during my work at various sections in the organization and I managed to complete all of the projects whether they were related to research, design or operation with great success and thus I realized the importance of the study of engineering principles in order to become a successful engineering professional.

Wednesday, November 20, 2019

Observation study Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 words

Observation study - Essay Example Introduction Tim Hortons cafe is one of the most populated cafe in the New York region. There are various branches of the cafe in New York area, and still several in the Rochester region (Nelson, 2009). They emanate from a chain of business cafes operating under the same name from Canada. In the USA, Tim Hortons cafe has opened over 800 branches. Tim Hortons cafe, 1508 Buffalo Rd, Rochester, NY 14624 is one of the cafe from the Tim Hortons chain of cafes (Craves, 2007). Methodology To be able to determine why Tim Hortons cafe has many customers than many other cafes and restaurants in the region, a structured qualitative observation methodology was applied. In this study, 45 minutes of full-time observation were utilized, during a Wednesday evening, starting 5: 30 pm to 6:15 pm. The location was particularly selected due to its popularity, as well as the access, since it is situated on the Buffalo road. Structured observation entailed the observation of different activities within th e cafe, including the way the customer arrive and leave the cafe, the time taken since a customer’s arrival to the time the customer is served, and the nature of the service that the customers in this cafe are offered. ... en, since the pre-selection of some participants would render the study skewed towards the desirable characteristics and relationships between the employees and the customers. Therefore, a random sampling method of participants was applied, to ensure that the observational study will be accurate and no desirable social characteristics are elicited on either the customer participants or the employee participants. The selected participants were representative of every aspect of demographic characteristics. Thus, the participants were selected from different ages, gender and racial groups, as well as perceived different economic classes. To establish why customers like Tim Hortons cafe, the researcher looked for the following: 1. The arrival and departure rate of customers 2. Customer-to-employee relationship in terms of language and communication 3. The service time gap between when the customer arrives and when they are served 4. The opening and closing schedule of the cafe 5. The pri cing strategy of the cafe Data and Measurement For the purpose of accuracy of the data collected, the data measurement applied two methods, namely structured observation as well as brief interviewing. This combination was resulted to, after a session of debating that found that observation alone was not adequate for the nature of the study, since simply observing the atmosphere of the cafe, the nature of the relationship between the employee and the customers, as well as the pricing of the cafe would not give plausible and adequate information regarding the other innate reasons that attracts the customers to the cafe. Therefore, interviewing was resulted to, as a complimentary method, to compliment the information obtainable through observation, for the sake of clarification and certainty,

Monday, November 18, 2019

Business management work Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 words

Business management work - Essay Example Economic recessions and periods of growth are noticeable and instantaneous demonstration of change, which have a direct consequence on the experience of employees, households as well as work organizations, and would be drawn upon in any elucidation of actual events. Though, fluctuations in the economy, significant though they are, have to be renowned from fundamental trends which might cause pressures towards a more basic reshaping of social institutions. Here we would categorize a series of associated developments which have frequently been discussed under the general rubric of a supposed transition from 'Fordism' to 'post-Fordism'; i.e., a shift from the predominance of economies driven by manufacturing industries characterized by a mass, somewhat homogeneous, semi-skilled workforce, towards economies dominated by employment in services, linked with a more heterogeneous, fragmented workforce. These 'ideal-typical' production systems have their organizational associates. Large-scale productive activities were escorted by bureaucratic systems of personnel administration and steady organizational careers. The growth of flexible production systems, it is argued, has been escorted by organizational 'delayering' and the turning down of the long-term, single organization, career. The move to service employment ca... For instance, in Britain, employment in services has grown from fifty-three per cent of total employment in 1971, to seventy-three per cent in 1993. Developments in technology have been of substantial importance in facilitating flexible systems of production and work organization in services, which by their very nature frequently have to be accessible outside the 'standard hours' linked with the 'standard worker'. In addition the product of service work the service needs the exercise of different qualities and skills, often of an interpersonal nature compared with those linked with manual and low-level work in manufacturing industry. The coming out of new occupations, and the restructuring of old occupations and skills, has produced new problems of control, classification and regulation. During an industrial era (in the West) dominated by large-scale manufacturing industry, the regulatory systems which emerged leaned to be dominated by those established in the leading industries, even though there were, certainly, noteworthy cross-national variations in this regard. 'Fordism' and the supremacy of manual trade unions have as well been associated to Keynesian economic strategies of demand management and other forms of macroeconomic intervention. In Britain, the Conservative government has since 1979 rejected such efforts to regulate the economy, and has been committed to a fundamental market philosophy, endorsing increased labour market flexibility. Therefore succeeding Conservative governments have hunted to remove or privatize welfare protections and regulatory institutions, to rouse the market for labour and skills by dropping rates of income tax at the upper levels, as well as to shift the balance between direct and indirect

Friday, November 15, 2019

Party System in the US Analysis

Party System in the US Analysis NATURE OF THE PARTY SYSTEM This paper examines the nature of the party system in United States. This paper further identifies the reasons for the weaknesses of the American parties. The nature of the American party system is the two-party system. This is a party system whereby there are two dominant political parties that dominate the politics of a given state. Under the two party systems, one of the parties would hold a majority seat in the legislature. This party is referred to as the majority party (Wilkins Stark, 2011). On the other hand, the party that has fewer members in the legislature is normally referred to as the minority party. This concept of the two party systems has different meaning, depending on the type of the political system that a state has. For instance, under the presidential system of governance, it describes a situation whereby all elected officials belong to either one of the two dominant parties within the state. Third or more parties exist, but they rarely win an election (Hug, 2001). Because of these types of arrangements, a two party system normally leads to election rules such as a winner take all concepts. In a two party system, the chances of a candidate to win an elective post, for a major position are always difficult. However, these smaller parties have the capability of influencing the dominant parties that exists within the state. In contrast to a parliamentary system such as that of the United Kingdom, the two party system is an arrangement whereby two parties dominate an election, but there are the existence of other parties that win an election in their legislatures (Herrnson Green, 2002). The American politics is dominated by the Republicans, and the Democrats. Despite the dominance of these two parties, there is a third party referred to as the Tea Party. It is important to explain that the tea party does not dominate the American political system, and this is because its candidates have never won any American major political seat, such as the Presidency, or even a Governors position (Janiskee Masugi, 2007). The dominance of the Republicans and the Democrats in the American political system has existed for more than 100 years, where the Presidents are either elected from the Republican party, or from the Democrat Party. Currently, the American President is Barrack Obama, and he emanates from the Democrat Party. His predecessor was George Bush, who was elected from the Republican Party (Strangio Dyrenfurth, 2009). In as much as the Tea Party is not dominant, this party has the capability of influencing government policies, and the activities of the other two leading parties. On a specific note, the Tea Party has a considerable influence on the Republican Party. For instance, in 2013, the members of the Tea Party were able to collaborate with the Republicans for purposes of shutting down the government of President Obama. This is in their bid to oppose the health care policies that were being advocated by President Obama. Based on these facts therefore, we can denote that the nature of the American party system is the two party systems. The domination of the Republican Party and the Democrat Party, and the influence of a smaller party, the Tea Party, satisfies the definition of a two party system in a presidential system. A two party system has a number of advantages and disadvantages. One of the advantages of the American two party systems is the fact that they provide information that is easily understandable to the American voters. Through these actions, the two parties are able to create order in the political system, and this is through a representation of a wide political ideologies or philosophy of the party. For instance, in the 2012 elections, campaigns between Republican nominee, Mitt Romney, and the Democrat nominee, President Obama, the two candidates were able to present the ideologies and philosophies of their parties. The second advantage of the American party system, is that it gives a stable balance through the accommodation of various interests and opinions. The Republicans and the Democrats have different organs and interests groups within them, and therefore, these parties normally accommodate then interests of these groups. This is for purposes of receiving a wide support from them. Finally, the two party systems enable citizens of America to participate in the political process of the nation (Disch, 2002). This enables its citizens to take part in the process of governance, through the political system. This is unlike in China, where it is only the communist party that can take part in the governance process, and people cannot express their own opinion, rather than that of the party (Paulson, 2006). In a critique of the American two party systems, Baumgartner Jones (2009) explains that it plays a role in downplaying the emergence of alternative views, and it create the political competition to be less competitive. Furthermore, the American two party system manages to create a sense of voter apathy, and this is mainly because only two views are presented at the ballot box (Lye Hofmeister, 2011). This creates a perception that choices are limited, and hence it does not contribute to an extensive political debate within the country. Furthermore, the concepts of the winner takes it all, normally discourages other independent candidates from engaging in the political process. This is because if they lose elections, there is no way they would benefit. Bibby Maisel (2003) explains that because of the disadvantages of the two party system, there has been a weakening of the American political parties in the recent times. This is because power and money shifts from political organizations, to informal interest groups, and ad hoc committees. Furthermore, the emergence of grass root movements, and the decentralization of the structures of the party plays an influential role in the weakening of the parties (Lasser, 2012). Furthermore, the large amounts of money that are collected by candidates normally do not pass through the official structures of the party. This means that candidates are independent of the influences of the party, and this is because they are able to control their own campaign funds, instead of depending on the party for finances (Mckay, 2013). Furthermore, the American political system is populist, and this is because candidates are more concerned with their reputation with voters, as opposed to their reputation with the leadership of the party. Based on these facts, senators and congressmen normally vote against the interest of their parties, on most occasions. This is because most politicians normally seek to respond to the strong emotional feelings, of the public, in regard to particular or certain issues. Furthermore, American voters do not vote in blocks, and this means that they are likely to belong to the two dominant parties in the United States (Sartori Mair, 2005). Therefore, these voters are not easily influenced by powerful and influential political figures. However, candidates who have a strong grassroots support, and who have the capability of buying advertisement time, can play a significant role in influencing voters. Furthermore, money also plays a role in the weakening of the American political system. This is because candidates who have a lot of money can gain instant reputation, and make a name for them. Furthermore, a movement that has the capability of energizing the public, would manage to endorse its own for a political office. An example is the 2008 primaries between Barrack Obama and Hillary Clinton, where Obama triumphed over the party establishment that were supporting Hillary Clinton (Valelly, 2013). Another example is the tea party victories in the senatorial primaries held by the Republican. This is an indication of the weakening of the Republican Party. Furthermore, the lack of a strong party structure is a factor that strongly contributes to the weakening of the American political parties (Welch, 2010). This is because parties have to look for donors to finance their campaigns, and this includes lobby groups, who can have a role in influencing the candidates to develop a policy that is advantageous to them. In conclusion, the nature of the American party system is the two party system. The political system is dominated by the Republicans and the Democrats. However, the current century has seen the weakening of the American parties. This is mainly because of the populist nature of the American political system, and a weak party structure that requires candidates to raise their own campaign money. This makes these candidates to be vulnerable to their donors, and mostly because they would be advocating for their interests. Furthermore, because of the populist nature of the American political system, candidates are not loyal to the party, but to the voters. This means that on most occasions, candidates would vote against the interests of their parties. This is because they want to gain a positive image that is attractive to their voters. The dominance of the Republicans and the Democrats parties has existed for more than 100 years, and this means that Presidents normally come from any of th e two parties identified. Bibliography: Top of Form BAUMGARTNER, F. R., JONES, B. D. (2009). Agendas and instability in American politics. Bottom of Form Top of Form BIBBY, J. F., MAISEL, L. S. (2003). Two parties-or more?: the American party system. Boulder, Colo, Westview Press. Top of Form DISCH, L. J. (2002). The tyranny of the two-party system. New York, Columbia University Press. Top of Form JANISKEE, B. P., MASUGI, K. (2007). Democracy in California: politics and government in the Golden State. Lanham, Md, Rowman Littlefield. Bottom of Form Top of Form HERRNSON, P. S., GREEN, J. C. (2002). Multiparty politics in America: prospects and performance. Lanham, MD, Rowman Littlefield. Top of Form HUG, S. (2001). Altering party systems: strategic behavior and the emergence of new political parties in Western democracies. Ann Arbor, Univ. of Michigan Press. Top of Form LASSER, W. (2012). Perspectives on American politics. Boston, Wadsworth Cengage Learning. Bottom of Form Top of Form LYE, L. F., HOFMEISTER, W. (2011). Political parties, party systems, and democratization in East Asia. Singapore, World Scientific. Top of Form MCKAY, D. H. (2013). American politics and society. American Politics and Society. Oxford, Wiley-Blackwell. Bottom of Form Bottom of Form Bottom of Form Bottom of Form Top of Form PAULSON, A. C. (2006). Electoral realignment and the outlook for American democracy. Hanover [u.a.], Univ. Press of New England. Top of Form SARTORI, G., MAIR, P. (2005). Parties and party systems: a framework for analysis. Colchester, ECPR. Bottom of Form Top of Form STRANGIO, P., DYRENFURTH, N. (2009). Confusion the making of the Australian two- party system. Carlton, Vic, Melbourne University Publishing. Top of Form VALELLY, R. M. (2013). American politics: a very short introduction. Oxford, Oxford University Press. Bottom of Form Bottom of Form Top of Form WELCH, S. (2010). Understanding American government. Boston, MA, Wadsworth/Cengage Learning. Top of Form WILKINS, D. E., STARK, H. K. (2011). American Indian politics and the American political system. Lanham, Md, Rowman Littlefield. Bottom of Form Bottom of Form Bottom of Form Bottom of Form Bottom of Form

Wednesday, November 13, 2019

The Bacchae Essay -- essays research papers

In The Bacchae, Euripedes portrays the character of Pentheus as an ignorant, stubborn, and arrogant ruler. These character flaws accompanied with his foolish decisions set the stage for his tragic downfall. Pentheus' blatant disregard to all warnings and incidents, which prove that Dionysus is truly a god, lead him to his own death. In the end, his mistakes are unforgiving and his punishment is just.   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Throughout the play, the audience cannot help but feel merciless towards Pentheus. In his opening scene, Pentheus does not heed the warnings bestowed upon him by Teiresias and Cadmus. Before Pentheus even meets Dionysus, Teiresias offers him wise advice: 'So, Pentheus listen to me. Do not mistake the rule of force for true power. Men are not shaped by force. Nor should you boast of wisdom, when everyone but you can see how sick your thoughts are. Instead, welcome this God to Thebes. Exalt him with wine, garland your head and join the Bacchic revels'(19). Cadmus carefully tries to persuade his grandson by adding, 'For even if you are right and this God is not a God, why say it? Why not call him one? You have everything to gain from such a lie'(20). Pentheus shows no respect for the elderly or their wisdom by replying, 'Go! Run to your Bacchic revels. I want none of your senile folly rubbing off on me!'(21). This response alone reveals a great deal about his disposition. He will not let any 'old fools' tell him what to do. However, it is ironic that Pentheus' rejection of the advice of these 'old fools' proves to be his first step towards his fatal end.   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  The next scene brings Pentheus and Dionysus face to face. Pentheus starts the conversation thinking he has the upper hand because he has more power over the situation. 'Untie his hands. Now I have him in my net, no amount of agile tricks can help him slip away' (25). However, it is clear to the audience that Dionysus is in control. He is provoking Pentheus by responding with quick, saucy remarks. 'Those who look for filth, can find at the height of noon' (28). Pentheus becomes frustrated. He needs to feel in control so he begins to hurl threats at Dionysus, 'I'll throw you in my dungeon.' Throughout this scene, Dionysus drops numerous hints that he is indeed the son of Zeus, 'He (Dionysus) is here now. He sees what is being done to me' (29). He for... He has given Pentheus numerous warnings and opportunities to obey and worship him. Pentheus, due to his exceeding incompetence, has overlooked all of them. Because of his refusal to conform, he deserves punishment and it is a fate the audience has come to welcome. Dionysus now takes control over Pentheus and his all his actions. He humiliates Pentheus by dressing him in women's dress and parading him throughout Thebes. Dionysus then leads him up to Mount Cithaeron where he is caught spying on the Bacchae by his crazed mother, Agave. She proceeds to tear him to shreds with her bare hands. This is the end for Pentheus, and ultimately, due to his constant ignorance, a just death. Although the punishment may seem rather harsh, the audience is appeased by Pentheus' death. Pentheus is incapable of making any sensible decisions. His arrogance and controlling nature is apparent in every action and choice he makes. Pentheus rejects so many hints and opportunities to realize Dionysus' real identity. In his refusal to pick up the signals, he accepts his fate: death by the hands of his own mother. It is almost as if his death, through his refusal to act sensibly, is a form of suicide.