Thursday, December 5, 2019

Multiple Biography on Steve Jobs, Jfk, Dwight Eisenhower, Albert Einstein and Bill Gates free essay sample

Steven Paul Jobs was born on February 24, 1955, in San Francisco, California, to Joanne Schieble (later Joanne Simpson) and Abdul Fattah John Jandali, two University of Wisconsin graduate students who gave their unnamed son up for adoption. His father, Abdul Fattah Jandali, was a Syrian political science professor and his mother, Joanne Schieble, worked as a speech therapist. As an infant, Steven was adopted by Clara and Paul Jobs and named Steven Paul Jobs. Clara worked as an accountant and Paul was a Coast Guard veteran and machinist. The family lived in Mountain View within Californias Silicon Valley. As a boy, Jobs and his father would work on electronics in the family garage. Paul would show his son how to take apart and reconstruct electronics, a hobby which instilled confidence, tenacity and mechanical prowess in young Jobs. Steve attended the Reed College in Portland, Oregon, but ended up dropping out. In his early ages during the attendance in the Reed College, Steve worked for Atari as a Video Game Designer. Several months after working with Atari he left to India to find spiritual enlightenment in India, traveling the continent and experimenting with psychedelic drugs. In 1976, when Jobs was just 21, he and Steve Wozniak started Apple Computers. The duo started in the Jobs family garage. Steve was the CEO of Apple Inc. he also invented companies such as, next INC . and Pixar’s. On October 5, 2011, Apple Inc. announced that its co-founder had passed away. After battling pancreatic cancer for nearly a decade, Steve Jobs died in Palo Alto. He was 56 years old. The reason I picked Steve Jobs First because, not only he is in my field. But he came from being given up by his own parents to, one of the greatest computer revolutionaries. He overcame every obstacle life had put in his path. President (LTG)John F. Kennedy: John Fitzgerald Kennedy was born on May 29, 1917, in Brookline, Massachusetts. Both the Fitzgerald’s and the Kennedys were wealthy and prominent Irish Catholic Boston families. Kennedys paternal grandfather, P. J. Kennedy, was a wealthy banker and liquor trader, and his maternal grandfather, John E. Fitzgerald, nicknamed Honey Fitz, was a skilled politician who served as a congressman and as the mayor of Boston. Kennedy was in fact very bookish in high school, reading ceaselessly but not the books his teachers assigned. He was also chronically ill during his childhood and adolescence; he suffered from severe colds, the flu, scarlet fever and even more severe, undiagnosed diseases that forced him to miss months of school at a time and occasionally brought him to the brink of death. Kennedy Attended Harvard College in which he graduated with the title of Alma Matter. In September 1941, after medical disqualification by the Army for his chronic lower back problems, Kennedy joined the U. S. Navy, with the influence of the director of the Office of Naval Intelligence, former naval attache to Joseph Kennedy. Kennedy was an ensign serving in the office of the Secretary of the Navy when the attack on Pearl Harbor occurred. He attended the Naval Reserve Officer Training Corps and Motor Torpedo Boat Squadron Training Center, was assigned duty in Panama and later in the Pacific theater, where he earned the rank of lieutenant, commanding a patrol torpedo (PT) boat. On August 2, 1943, Kennedys boat, PT-109, along with PT-162 and PT-169, were performing nighttime patrols near New Georgia in the Solomon Islands, when PT-109 was rammed by the Japanese destroyer Amagiri. Kennedy received the Navy and Marine Corps Medal, Purple Heart, World War 2 Victory Medal and Asiatic Pacific Campaign Medal. John F. Kennedy was sworn in as the 35th President at noon on January 20, 1961. President Kennedy was assassinated in Dallas, Texas, at 12:30 pm Central Standard Time on Friday November 22, 1963, while on a political trip to Texas to smooth over frictions in the Democratic Party between liberals Ralph Yarborough and Don Yarborough and conservative John Connally. He was shot once in the upper back and killed with a final shot to the head. He was taken to Parkland Hospital for emergency medical treatment, but pronounced dead at 1:00 pm. The Reason I picked President Kennedy is, because no matter what crisis we faced either the Cuban missile crisis, the civil rights and liberties and the Space Policy. He had faith in us as a nation that we came overcome it all, and stand united as American’s for a better future and a better country. Albert Einstein: Born on March 14, 1879 in Ulm, Wurttemberg, Germany, Albert Einstein grew up in a secular, middle-class Jewish family. His father, Hermann Einstein, was a salesman and engineer who, with his brother, founded Elektrotechnische Fabrik J. Einstein Cie, a company that manufactured electrical equipment in Munich, Germany. His mother, the former Pauline Koch, ran the family household. Einstein had one sister, Maja, born two years after him. Einstein attended elementary school at the Luitpold Gymnasium in Munich, where he excelled in his studies. He enjoyed classical music and played the violin. However, he felt alienated and struggled with the rigid Prussian education he received there. He also experienced a speech difficulty, a slow cadence in his speaking where he’d pause to consider what to say next. Einstein Graduated from ETH Zurich and University of Zurich with the title of Alma Matter. In December, 1932, Einstein decided to leave Germany forever. In which he took a position at the newly formed Institute for Advanced Study at Princeton, New Jersey, which soon became a Mecca for physicists from around the world. It was here that he would spend the rest of his career trying to develop a unified field theory an all-embracing theory that would unify the forces of the universe, and thereby the laws of physics, into one framework and refute the accepted interpretation of quantum physics. In the summer of 1939, Einstein, along with another scientist, Leo Szilard, was persuaded to write a letter to President Franklin D. Roosevelt to alert him of the possibility of a Nazi bomb. President Roosevelt could not risk the possibility that Germany might develop an atomic bomb first. The letter is believed to be the key factor that motivated the United States to investigate the development of nuclear weapons. Roosevelt invited Einstein to meet with him and soon after the United States initiated the Manhattan Project. In 1935, Albert Einstein was granted permanent residency in the United States and became an American citizen in 1940. On April 17, 1955, while working on a speech he was preparing to commemorate Israels 17th anniversary, Einstein suffered an abdominal aortic aneurysm and experienced internal bleeding. He was taken to the University Medical Center at Princeton for treatment, but refused surgery, believing that he had lived his life and was content to accept his fate. Einstein died at the university medical center early the next morning April 18, 1955 at the age of 76. President (GEN) Dwight Eisenhower: Dwight D. Eisenhower was born on October 14, 1890, in Denison, Texas, to David Jacob Eisenhower and Ida Elizabeth Stover Eisenhower. Dwight was the third of his parents’ seven sons. His parents had moved from Abilene, Kansas, to Denison, Texas, before he was born. In Denison, the family lived in a tiny house near the railroad tracks while David cleaned train engines for a living. In 1911 Dwight landed an appointment at the United States Military Academy in West Point, New York, where attendance was free of charge. Once again he was a star on the football field, until a series of knee injuries forced him to stop playing. In 1915 Eisenhower proudly graduated from West Point at the top of his class, and was commissioned as a second lieutenant. From 1927 to 1929 Eisenhower toured and reported for the War Department, under General John Pershing. After finishing his tour in 1929, Eisenhower was appointed chief military aide under General Douglas MacArthur. From 1935 to 1939 Eisenhower served under MacArthur as assistant military advisor to the Philippines. Eisenhower returned to the United States in early 1940. Over the next two years he was stationed in California and Washington State. In 1941, after a transfer to Fort Sam Houston, Eisenhower became chief of staff for the Third Army. Eisenhower was soon promoted to brigadier general for his leadership of the Louisiana Maneuvers. Late that year he was transferred to the War Plans division in Washington, D. C. In 1942, he was promoted to major general. Just months later, he became commander-in-chief of the Allied Forces and led Operation Torch, the Allied invasion of North Africa. By D-Day, Eisenhower was promoted to five-star rank. Upon Germany’s surrender in 1945, he was made military governor of the U. S. Occupied Zone. Eisenhower then returned home to Abilene and received a hero’s welcome. A few months later, he was appointed U. S. Army chief of staff. In 1947 he was elected president of Columbia University, a position he held until December of 1950. In 1951 Eisenhower decided to leave Columbia to assume an appointment as first Supreme Allied Commander of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. While in Paris with NATO, Eisenhower was encouraged by Republican emissaries to run for president of the United States. In 1952 Eisenhower retired from active service and returned to Abilene to announce his candidacy for the Republican Party nomination. On November 4, 1952, after winning the election by a landslide, Eisenhower was elected the United States’ 34th president. His domestic policy picked up where Roosevelt’s New Deal and Fair Deal programs left off. In foreign policy, Eisenhower made reducing Cold War tensions through military negotiation a main focus of his administration. In 1953 he orchestrated an armistice that brought peace to South Korea’s border. Also that year, Eisenhower made his famous â€Å"Atoms for Peace† speech at the United Nations General Assembly. Eisenhower died on March 28, 1969, at the Walter Reed Army Hospital in Washington, D. C. , following a long period of suffering from a heart-related illness. In addition to a state funeral in the nations capital, a military funeral was held in Eisenhowers beloved hometown of Abilene, Kansas. The reason why, I Picked President (General) Eisenhower is, this bright gentleman came from working on a creamery and moonlighting at night as a fireman. To being in of our greatest presidents in our history. He finished President Roosevelt’s New Deal and Fair Deal programs left off. His foreing policies kept us away from the brink of war. He was, and is a True American Hero. Bill Gates: Born William Henry Gates III, on October 28, 1955, in Seattle, Washington. Gates began to show an interest in computer programming at the age of 13 at the Lakeside School. Bill Gates grew up in an upper middle-class family with two sisters: Kristianne, who is older, and Libby, who is younger. Their father, William H. Gates, Sr. , was a promising, if somewhat shy, law student when he met his future wife, Mary Maxwell. She was an athletic, outgoing student at the University of Washington, actively involved in student affairs and leadership. The Gates family atmosphere was warm and close, and all three children were encouraged to be competitive and strive for excellence. Bill showed early signs of competitiveness when he coordinated family athletic games at their summer house on Puget Sound. He also relished in playing board games (Risk was his favorite) and excelled in Monopoly. While at Lakeside School, a Seattle computer company offered to provide computer time for the students. The Mothers Club used proceeds from the schools rummage sale to purchase a teletype terminal for students to use. Bill Gates became entranced with what a computer could do and spent much of his free time working on the terminal. Gates holds several honorary doctorates from universities such as, Harvard and many more throughout the world and an honorary Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire by Queen Elizabeth II. In 2006, Gates and his wife were awarded the Order of the Aztec Eagle by the Mexican government for their philanthropic work throughout the world in the areas of health and education. Gates invented the company known as Microsoft. Even though their rivalry Microsoft and Apple shared many of their early innovations. In 1981 Apple invited Microsoft to help develop software for Macintosh computers. Some developers were involved in both Microsoft development, and the development of Microsoft applications for Macintosh. 1985, Bill Gates and Microsoft launched Windows; nearly two years after his announcement. Visually the Windows system looked very similar to the Macintosh system Apple Computer Corporation had introduced nearly two years earlier. Apple had earlier given Microsoft full access to their technology while it was working on making Microsoft products compatible for Apple computers. Gates and his wife are currently focused in charities that help children around the world with basic human needs and education. He gives out multiple student aid to bright and young people around the world. In order for them to attend college. While I thinks that his motives are great, I think his talents and Ideas towards the Technological Field are, just wasting away in his brain. I do understand that everyone needs a break or a time away from something. But time wasted just simply does not come back. Bibliography: Steve Jobs Biography Book By Walter Isaacson. JFK Biography Book By Michael O’Brien 2005. Albert Einstein Biography Book By Albrecht Folsing and Ewald Osers (May 1, 1998). Eisenhower Soldier and President, by Stephen E. Ambrose (Feb 5, 2007) Who is Bill Gates†¦Who Was He? By Patricia Brennan Demuth, Ted Hammond and Nancy Harrison (Mar 21, 2013)

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